Michel Debacker

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The lack of a universally applicable definition of terrorism has confounded the understanding of terrorism since the term was first coined in 18th Century France. Although a myriad of definitions of terrorism have been advanced over the years, virtually all of these definitions have been crisis-centered, frequently reflecting the political perspectives of(More)
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden and Research Group on Emergency and Disaster Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vrije Universiteit, Brussel, Belgium Correspondence to Maaret, Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Sjukhusbacken 10,(More)
Medical disaster management research aims at identifying methodologies and rules of best practice and evaluates performance and outcome indicators for medical disaster management. However, the conduct of experimental studies is either impossible or ethically inappropriate. We generate realistic victim profiles for medical disaster simulations based on(More)
We propose a methodology to generate realistic victim profiles for medical disaster simulations based on victims from the VictimBase library. We apply these profiles in a medical disaster model where victim entities evolve in parallel through a medical response model and a victim pathway model. These models interact in correspondence with the time triggers(More)
OBJECTIVES Disaster medicine research generally lacks control groups. This study aims to describe categories of diagnoses encountered by the Belgian First Aid and Support Team after the 2010 Haiti earthquake and extract earthquake-related changes from comparison with comparable baseline data. The hypothesis is that besides earthquake-related trauma, medical(More)
As in any other medical discipline, developments in disaster medicine have occurred. A model for medical disaster management is briefly discussed and then applied retrospectively to the Enschede fireworks disaster (2000). Differences between the theoretical model and the actual situation are shown with respect to the number of casualties, the average(More)
BACKGROUND In the summer of 2015, the exodus of Syrian war refugees and saturation of refugee camps in neighbouring countries led to the influx of asylum-seekers in European countries, including Belgium. This study aims to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of asylum seekers who arrived in a huddled refugee camp, in the centre of a(More)
OBJECTIVES As part of the I SEE (Interactive Simulation Exercise for Emergencies) project, financially supported by the Leonardo da Vinci Programme 2000-2006 of the European Commission, a study was planned to assess the type of disaster and to establish the tasks to be included in an emergency exercise to be developed, according to the possible target(More)