Michel Cormier

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The effect of natural sunlight on culturability and persistence of pathogenicity of Escherichia coli was examined in the field, i.e., in the Morlaix Estuary, France, using an enterotoxigenic strain of Escherichia coli H10407. Results showed that E. coli responds to the estuarine diurnal solar cycle by entering the viable but nonculturable state upon(More)
Desmopressin is a synthetic peptide hormone chiefly used for treatment of enuresis in young children. It is available in injectable, intranasal, and oral formulations. While administration by injection is poorly suited for routine use in young children, intranasal and oral administration result in low and variable bioavailability. This study therefore(More)
Purpose. We evaluated the Macroflux® microprojection array patch technology as a novel system for intracutaneous delivery of protein antigens. Methods. Macroflux® microprojection array systems (330-μm microprojection length, 190 microprojections/cm2, 1- and 2-cm2 area) were coated with a model protein antigen, ovalbumin (OVA), to produce a dry-film coating.(More)
Immunization to the model antigen ovalbumin was investigated using a novel intracutaneous delivery system consisting of antigen-coated microneedle arrays. The influence of the following parameters on the resulting immune responses was investigated: depth of vaccine delivery, dose of vaccine delivered, density of microneedles on the array, and area of(More)
The excision of the staphylococcal chromosomal cassette mec (SCCmec) from methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains results in methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) strains. In order to determine the proportion and diversity of multidrug-resistant MSSA (MR-MSSA) strains derived from MRSA strains, 247 mecA-negative isolates recovered in(More)
We combined the use of low inoculation titers (300 +/- 100 CFU/ml) and enumeration of culturable cells to measure the osmoprotective potentialities of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), dimethylsulfonioacetate (DMSA), and glycine betaine (GB) for salt-stressed cultures of Escherichia coli. Dilute bacterial cultures were grown with osmoprotectant(More)
This work assessed the polymicrobial flora of mandibular third molar pericoronitis. Obligate anaerobes were found in almost all cases (32 of 35). Amoxicillin and pristinamycin were the most effective against the flora, particularly aerobic organisms. Metronidazole alone or combined with spiramycin was the most effective drug against obligate anaerobes.
We investigated the effect of visible light on Escherichia coli in seawater microcosms. Escherichia coli lost its ability to form colonies in marine environments when exposed to artificial continuous visible light. Survival of illuminated bacteria during the stationary phase was drastically reduced in the absence of the sigma factor (RpoS or KatF) that(More)
In recent years, antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) technology has emerged as one of the most promising functional genomic therapies. Several clinical trials have demonstrated its therapeutic value and low toxicity (1). To date, parenteral infusion has been the primary mode of ODN delivery. However, efforts to develop more convenient routes of(More)
The threat of pandemic influenza and other public health needs motivate the development of better vaccine delivery systems. To address this need, microneedles have been developed as micron-scale needles fabricated using low-cost manufacturing methods that administer vaccine into the skin using a simple device that may be suitable for self-administration.(More)