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Desmopressin is a synthetic peptide hormone chiefly used for treatment of enuresis in young children. It is available in injectable, intranasal, and oral formulations. While administration by injection is poorly suited for routine use in young children, intranasal and oral administration result in low and variable bioavailability. This study therefore(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the Macroflux microprojection array patch technology as a novel system for intracutaneous delivery of protein antigens. METHODS Macroflux microprojection array systems (330-microm micro-projection length, 190 microprojections/cm2, 1- and 2-cm2 area) were coated with a model protein antigen, ovalbumin (OVA), to produce a dry-film(More)
A beta-lactamase gene (cfxA3, 966 bp) was isolated from a beta-lactam-resistant Capnocytophaga ochracea clinical isolate and amplified using primers from the cfxA gene of Bacteroides vulgatus. The MICs of third-generation cephalosporins were much higher than those of the transconjugant Escherichia coli strain. The deduced protein sequence, by comparison(More)
This work assessed the polymicrobial flora of mandibular third molar pericoronitis. Obligate anaerobes were found in almost all cases (32 of 35). Amoxicillin and pristinamycin were the most effective against the flora, particularly aerobic organisms. Metronidazole alone or combined with spiramycin was the most effective drug against obligate anaerobes.
We combined the use of low inoculation titers (300 +/- 100 CFU/ml) and enumeration of culturable cells to measure the osmoprotective potentialities of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), dimethylsulfonioacetate (DMSA), and glycine betaine (GB) for salt-stressed cultures of Escherichia coli. Dilute bacterial cultures were grown with osmoprotectant(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE To evaluate a minimally invasive injector for intravitreal and subconjunctival administration of medications. MATERIALS AND METHODS The device has a microneedle that communicates with an internal formulation chamber. A piercing depth-limiting flange restricts microneedle penetration to a depth of less than 1 mm and defines the(More)
Immunization to the model antigen ovalbumin was investigated using a novel intracutaneous delivery system consisting of antigen-coated microneedle arrays. The influence of the following parameters on the resulting immune responses was investigated: depth of vaccine delivery, dose of vaccine delivered, density of microneedles on the array, and area of(More)
We have studied the mechanical and pharmacokinetic characteristics of an industrially-prepared bone cement containing 3 g of vancomycin per 60 g cement. A low viscosity cement was selected, to increase contact between the antibiotic and the infected surfaces. Resistance of compression (95 mPa) was well above the required standard (70 mPa) and similar to(More)
The threat of pandemic influenza and other public health needs motivate the development of better vaccine delivery systems. To address this need, microneedles have been developed as micron-scale needles fabricated using low-cost manufacturing methods that administer vaccine into the skin using a simple device that may be suitable for self-administration.(More)