Michel Claret

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The plasma membrane of Paramecium is underlain by a continuous layer of membrane vesicles known as cortical alveoli, whose function was unknown but whose organization had suggested some resemblance with muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum. The occurrence of antimonate precipitates within the alveoli first indicated to us that they may indeed correspond to a vast(More)
Intercellular calcium signals are propagated in multicellular hepatocyte systems as well as in the intact liver. The stimulation of connected hepatocytes by glycogenolytic agonists induces reproducible sequences of intracellular calcium concentration increases, resulting in unidirectional intercellular calcium waves. Hepatocytes are characterized by a(More)
Agonist-induced intracellular calcium signals may propagate as intercellular Ca2+ waves in multicellular systems as well as in intact organs. The mechanisms initiating intercellular Ca2+ waves in one cell and determining their direction are unknown. We investigated these mechanisms directly on fura2-loaded multicellular systems of rat hepatocytes and on(More)
Calcium-mobilizing agonists induce intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) changes thought to trigger cellular responses. In connected cells, rises in [Ca2+]i can propagate from cell to cell as intercellular Ca2+ waves, the mechanisms of which are not elucidated. Using fura2-loaded rat hepatocytes, we studied the mechanisms controlling coordination and(More)
Apamin is a neurotoxic polypeptide of known structure isolated from bee venom. Shuba and coworkers have recently shown that it abolishes the hyperpolarising action of externally-applied ATP on visceral smooth muscle (guinea pig stomach and taenia coli) as well as the hyperpolarisation (inhibitory junction potential) that follows stimulation of the(More)
Despite intensive interest in the dedifferentiation process of vascular smooth muscle cells, very little data are available on intracellular Ca(2+) signaling. The present study was designed to investigate the evolution of the intracellular Ca(2+) pools when rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) proliferate and to define the mechanisms involved in the(More)
In several types of cells whose cytoplasmic Ca2+ is regulated by inositol phosphate derivatives, low concentrations of InsP3 added to permeabilized cell suspensions induce the rapid discharge of part of the InsPs-sensitive Ca2+ pool instead of slow monophasic release of Ca2+ from the entire pool. As a tentative explanation for this puzzling observation,(More)
The distribution of total phospholipids, phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PIP) and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) was studied in isolated rat hepatocytes: (i) by mass assay and isotopic labelling in the fractions of plasma membranes, microsomes, mitochondria and nuclei prepared from isolated hepatocytes and (ii) by immunolocalization of PIP2(More)
The control exerted by intralumenal and cytosolic Ca2+ on InsP3-induced release of Ca2+ from intracellular Ca2+ pools in suspensions of saponin-permeabilised rat hepatocytes was investigated by combined Quin-2 and 45Ca2+ measurements at 20 degrees C. We failed to detect a major effect of intralumenal Ca2+ in regulating this release, as various manipulations(More)
Pathogenic Shigella flexneri invades epithelial cells through directed phagocytosis. The role of intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) as a signal for this process was tested. No variation in the [Ca2+]i could be detected by using the fluorescent indicator fura 2 to measure the [Ca2+]i in HeLa cells during the invasion process. In addition, neither clamping(More)