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Carotenoids are important natural pigments and micronutrients contributing to health prevention by several mechanisms, including their electron-donating (antioxidant) activity. In this work, a large(More)
To study effects of high power ultrasound treatment (20 kHz) on β-carotene degradation, a second-order central composite design (CCD) was performed to investigate maximum β-carotene loss with three(More)
Background Asymmetric β-apo-carotenoids (nonvitamin A-active metabolites) of provitamin A carotenoids have been observed in humans, but no study has investigated their formation during digestion. (More)
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