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This paper briefly reviews research on the causative agents of blackleg and soft rot diseases of potato, namely Pectobacterium and Dickeya species, and the disease syndrome, including epidemiological and aetiological aspects. It critically evaluates control methods used in practice based on the avoidance of the contamination of plants, in particular the use(More)
A PCR-based kit, ProbeliaTM, for the detection ofErwinia carotovora subsp.atroseptica (Eca) on potatoes was evaluated at five laboratories in four countries. The kit is based on DNA-specific PCR amplification followed by detection of amplicons by hybridization to a peroxidase-labelled DNA probe in a microplate. Specificity of the PCR primers for Eca,(More)
The selective-diagnostic crystal violet pectate (CVP) medium for the detection and isolation of soft rot erwinias was modified and improved to allow the use of a new source of sodium polypectate (Slendid type 440), as the previous polypectate (Bulmer) is no longer available. Two formulations were developed: CVP-S1 medium was less transparent but otherwise(More)
Recontamination byErwinia carotovora of seed potato stocks (VT) derived from stem cuttings in the process of multiplication was monitored on four farms in the east of Scotland from 1973 to 1978. Randomly selected VT stocks of different ages from a wider range of farms were also examined. The results showed that although contamination can occur early during(More)
Spontaneous bacteriophage-resistant mutants of the phytopathogen Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (Eca) SCRI1043 were isolated and, out of 40, two were found to exhibit reduced virulence in planta. One of these mutants, A5/22, showed multiple cell surface defects including alterations in synthesis of outer membrane proteins, lipopolysaccharide (LPS),(More)
Two modifications of the selective-diagnostic crystal violet pectate (CVP) medium for soft rot erwinias were developed using a new formulation of sodium polypectate; these were a single layer medium and a double layer medium consisting of an agar base with a pectate overlayer. Both media contained 0.1% tryptone to promote growth and cavity formation by(More)
Blackleg is caused byErwinia carotovora subsp.atroseptica (Eca) andE. chrysanthemi (Echr) in cool and hot climates respectively. The bacteria are opportunistic pathogens and rely on their strong pectolytic character to infect plants when conditions favor their multiplication. Blackleg is a seedborne disease and the bacteria can survive in a quiescent form(More)
The blackleg pathogen Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (Eca) causes an economically important disease of potatoes. We selected a genetically amenable Eca strain for the genetic analysis of virulence. Tn5 mutagenesis was used to generate nine mutants which exhibited reduced virulence (Rvi-) of strain SCRI1043. Following physiological characterisation,(More)
A number of phenotypic and molecular fingerprinting techniques, including physiological profiling (Biolog), restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC) and a phage typing system, were evaluated for their ability to differentiate between 60 strains of Erwinia carotovora ssp. atroseptica (Eca) from(More)
Immunomagnetic separation (IMS) procedures for the selective separation of Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica from potato peel extract were optimized for the recovery of target and removal of non-target bacteria. A streptomycin-resistant strain of Erw. carotovora subsp. atroseptica was used in combination with a crystal violet pectate (CVP) medium(More)