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Evidence from animal studies and clinical observations suggest that the activity of the pituitary-adrenal axis is under significant influence of sex steroids. The present study investigated how a short term elevation of estradiol levels affects ACTH, cortisol, norepinephrine, and heart rate responses to mental stress in healthy men. In a double blind study,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE [(18)F]HX4 is a promising hypoxia PET-tracer. Uptake, spatio-temporal stability and optimal acquisition parameters for [(18)F]HX4 PET imaging were evaluated in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS [(18)F]HX4 PET/CT images of 15 NSCLC patients were acquired 2h and 4h after injection (p.i.). Maximum(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the results of selective nodal irradiation on basis of (18)F-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) scans in patients with limited-disease small-cell lung cancer (LD-SCLC) on isolated nodal failure. METHODS AND MATERIALS A prospective study was performed of 60 patients with LD-SCLC. Radiotherapy was given to a dose of 45 Gy in(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the feasibility of serial dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography (DCE-CT) in patients with advanced/metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving anti-angiogenic (sorafenib) and anti-EGFR (erlotinib) treatment, and correlated tumour blood flow (BF) with treatment outcome. METHODS DCE-CTs were performed at(More)
PURPOSE Because individual tumors are heterogeneous, including for (18)F-deoxyglucose (FDG) uptake and, most likely, for radioresistance, selective boosting of high FDG uptake zones within the tumor has been suggested. To do this, it is critical to know whether the location of these high FDG uptake patterns within the tumor remain stable during radiotherapy(More)
PURPOSE Accurate contouring of positron emission tomography (PET) functional volumes is now considered crucial in image-guided radiotherapy and other oncology applications because the use of functional imaging allows for biological target definition. In addition, the definition of variable uptake regions within the tumor itself may facilitate dose painting(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumours are mostly heterogeneous. We hypothesized that areas within the tumour with a high pre-radiation (18)F-deoxyglucose (FDG) uptake, could identify residual metabolic-active areas, ultimately enabling selective-boosting of tumour sub-volumes. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fifty-five patients with(More)
PURPOSE The local site of relapse in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is primarily located in the high FDG uptake region of the primary tumour prior to treatment. A phase II PET-boost trial (NCT01024829) randomises patients between dose-escalation of the entire primary tumour (arm A) or to the high FDG uptake region inside the primary tumour (>50%(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the added value of a new respiratory amplitude-based PET reconstruction method called optimal gating (OG) with the aim of providing accurate image quantification in lung cancer. METHODS FDG-PET imaging was performed in 26 lung cancer patients during free breathing using a 24-min list-mode acquisition on a PET/CT scanner. The data(More)
BACKGROUND Maximum, mean and peak SUV of primary tumor at baseline FDG-PET scans, have often been found predictive for overall survival in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. In this study we further investigated the prognostic power of advanced metabolic metrics derived from intensity volume histograms (IVH) extracted from PET imaging. METHODS A(More)