Michel Breteau

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The wide availability, metabolism by the same cytochrome P 450 as debrisoquine and, above all, the innocuity of dextromethorphan (DMP) favour the frequent choice of this drug as the test substance in determining oxidation phenotypes. 100 healthy Burundian volunteers (94 m and 6 f) in this study ingested 50 mg DMP bromhydrate, i.e. 38.5 mg of DMP base. Urine(More)
The pharmacokinetic parameters of paracetamol were studied after 15 min intravenous infusion of 15 mg/kg of propacetamol (Prodafalgan) in 5 neonates aged less than 10 days and 7 infants aged between 1 and 12 months. Blood was sampled at 0, 0.5, 2 and 6 h after the first intravenous infusion of propacetamol. The infants aged less than 10 days had higher(More)
A number of studies has shown that isoniazid can inhibit the metabolism of several drugs, including phenytoin [1] and carbamazepine [2]. Only one previous case of a possible interaction between isoniazid and valproate has been described, in which the sequence of events suggested a pharmacodynamic interaction, manifested as an adverse reaction [3]. A case of(More)
36 pharmacokinetic studies of amikacin were performed to evaluate the bronchial diffusion of amikacin in 9 children with cystic fibrosis, 3 to 15 years old. Amikacin was administered i.v. according to a variable dosage regimen. Four children without cystic fibrosis were enrolled as controls. The mean half life was 1.1, the volume of distribution averaged(More)
A one month old child inadvertently received an intravenous bolus injection of 50 mg of lidocaine instead of contrast iodine. The clinical picture comprised collapse, respiratory arrest, convulsions and coma. The calculated maximum level of lidocaine was 5.39 mg/l. The recovery was complete. The toxicity of lidocaine is discussed.
Colistin aerosols are frequently administered to patients with cystic fibrosis. However, questions arise concerning the effect of both jet and ultrasonic nebulizers on the properties of the drug. The aim of this study was to characterize the anti-Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) activity of colistin after jet (Pari LL) and ultrasonic (DP100) nebulization. A(More)
The effect of tamoxifen on the pharmacokinetics of theophylline was investigated in male Sprague-Dawley rats. The oral administration of tamoxifen at a dose equal to 40 mg kg-1 48 h before the intravenous injection of theophylline 10 mg kg-1, significantly (P < 0.05) increased the clearance of theophylline by 39%, with no apparent effect on the volume of(More)