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We have set up stably transfected HEK293 cells overexpressing the beta-secretases BACE1 and BACE2 either alone or in combination with wild-type beta-amyloid precursor protein (betaAPP). The characterization of the betaAPP-derived catabolites indicates that cells expressing BACEs produce less genuine Abeta1- 40/42 but higher amounts of secreted sAPPbeta and(More)
Three new series comprising 24 novel cationic choline analogues and consisting of mono- or bis (N or C-5-duplicated) thiazolium salts have been synthesized. Bis-thiazolium salts showed potent antimalarial activity (much superior to monothiazoliums). Among them, bis-thiazolium salts 12 and 13 exhibited IC(50) values of 2.25 nM and 0.65 nM, respectively,(More)
We report here the synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of 37 compounds as precursors of potent antimalarial bis-thiazolium salts (T3 and T4). These prodrugs were either thioester, thiocarbonate or thiocarbamate type and were synthesized in one step by reaction of an alkaline solution of the parent drug with the appropriate activated acyl group.(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a nuclear receptor that can be activated by natural ligands such as 15-deoxy-delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ(2)) as well as synthetic drugs such as thiazolidinediones. The treatment of human breast cancer cell lines with PPARgamma agonists is known to have antiproliferative effects but(More)
Structure-activity relationships (SARs) refer to the relation between chemical structure and pharmacologic activity for a series of compounds. Since the pioneering work of Crum-Brown and Fraser in 1868, they have been increasingly used in the pharmaceutical, chemical and cosmetic industries, especially for drug and chemical design purposes.(More)
Numerous recent studies indicate that most anticancer effects of PPARγ agonists like thiazolidinediones are the result of PPARγ-independent pathways. These conclusions were obtained by several approaches including the use of thiazolidinedione derivatives like Δ2-Troglitazone (Δ2-TGZ) that does not activate PPARγ. Since biotinylation has been proposed as a(More)
Our aim was to get new information about the Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor gamma (PPARγ)-independent pathway involved in the antiproliferative action of PPARγ ligands in breast cancer cells. We investigated the effects of Troglitazone (TGZ), Ciglitazone (CGZ), Rosiglitazone (RGZ) and, 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ(2)) on the(More)
HPLC coupled to a mass spectrometer (MS) was used for the analysis of galanthamine and lycorine in natural extracts of Leucojum aestivum and in their in vitro cultures grown with a precursor (ACC), inhibitors (AgNO(3), STS), or an absorber (KMnO(4)) of ethylene. The maximum galanthamine (0.002%) and lycorine (0.02%) concentrations in tissue cultures were(More)
The use of energy restriction mimetic agents (ERMAs) to selectively target cancer cells addicted to glycolysis could be a promising therapeutic approach. Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are synthetic agonists of the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ that were developed to treat type II diabetes. These compounds also display(More)