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Twelve populations of Escherichia coli B all lost D-ribose catabolic function during 2,000 generations of evolution in glucose minimal medium. We sought to identify the population genetic processes and molecular genetic events that caused these rapid and parallel losses. Seven independent Rbs(-) mutants were isolated, and their competitive fitnesses were(More)
Molecular methods are used widely to measure genetic diversity within populations and determine relationships among species. However, it is difficult to observe genomic evolution in action because these dynamics are too slow in most organisms. To overcome this limitation, we sampled genomes from populations of Escherichia coli evolving in the laboratory for(More)
Bacterial subclones recovered from an old stab culture of Escherichia coli K-12 revealed a high degree of genetic diversity, which occurred in spite of a very reduced rate of propagation during storage. This conclusion is based on a pronounced restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) detected upon hybridization with internal fragments of eight(More)
Intrachromosomal homologous recombination in whole tobacco plants was analyzed using β-glucuronidase as non-selectable marker. We found that recombination frequencies were additive for transgenes in allelic positions and could be enhanced by treatment of plants with DNA-damaging agents. We compared the patterns of distribution of recombination events of(More)
BACKGROUND Insertion Sequence (IS) elements are mobile genetic elements widely distributed among bacteria. Their activities cause mutations, promoting genetic diversity and sometimes adaptation. Previous studies have examined their copy number and distribution in Escherichia coli K-12 and natural isolates. Here, we map most of the IS elements in E. coli B(More)
The transposon Tn5 expresses a gene, ble, whose product increases the viability of Escherichia coli and also confers resistance to the DNA-cleaving antibiotic bleomycin and the DNA-alkylating agent ethylmethanesulphonate. We find that the Ble protein induces expression of an alkylation inducible gene, aidC, and that both the AidC gene product and DNA(More)
The plasmid pRAB2 contains a silent operon derived from the transposon Tn5 and carrying the gene neo for neomycin-kanamycin resistance and a truncated ble gene (ble333) for bleomycin resistance. Spontaneous mutants that express the two resistances provide Escherichia coli cells an improved fitness during the phase of decline in the absence of the(More)
Samples of subantarctic mussels, Mytilus desolationis, from 12 locations in the Kerguelen Islands (South Indian Ocean) were analysed electrophoretically at 5 polymorphic loci to study correlations between genotype frequencies and environmental factors. Thirty-one out 48 pairs (population-locus) were not in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium proportions, and 41 out(More)
As part of a long-term evolution experiment, two populations of Escherichia coli B adapted to a glucose minimal medium for 10,000 generations. In both populations, multiple IS-associated mutations arose that then went to fixation. We identify the affected genetic loci and characterize the molecular events that produced nine of these mutations. All nine were(More)