Michel Berthélemy

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Primates are regularly infected by fungal organisms identified as Pneumocystis carinii. They constitute a valuable population for the confirmation of P. carinii host specificity. In this study, the presence of P. carinii was assessed by direct examination and nested PCR at mitochondrial large subunit (mtLSU) rRNA and dihydropteroate synthetase (DHPS) genes(More)
The single name Pneumocystis carinii consists of an heterogeneous group of specific fungal organisms that colonize a very wide range of mammalian hosts. In the present study, mitochondrial large subunit (mtLSU) and small subunit (mtSSU) rRNA sequences of P. carinii organisms from 24 different mammalian species were compared. The mammals were included in six(More)
We report herein on the first serologic detection of antibodies to bovine immunodeficiency virus (BIV) in France. Serum samples from dairy and beef cattle from southwestern and western France (Landes and Vendée) were tested using a western blot assay with a recombinant 53 kDa gag precursor derived from the Louisiana BIV R29 isolate. We performed our study(More)
AIMS The present study describes a system based on PCR and restriction endonuclease analysis (REA) to distinguish the seven currently recognized Malassezia species. METHODS AND RESULTS Fifty-five representative yeast isolates were examined. A single primer pair was designed to amplify the large subunit ribosomal RNA (LSU rRNA) gene of the seven Malassezia(More)
Bovine leukemia virus (BLV), an oncovirus related to human T-cell leukemia virus type I, causes a B-cell lymphoproliferative syndrome in cattle, leading to an inversion of the T-cell/B-cell ratio and, more rarely, to a B-cell lymphosarcoma. Sheep are highly sensitive to BLV experimental infection and develop B-cell pathologies similar to those in cattle in(More)
Experimental inoculation of sheep with bovine leukaemia virus (BLV), a retrovirus homologous to the human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), induces a chronic expansion of the B lymphocyte population (persistent lymphocytosis) and the development of a B cell leukaemia/lymphosarcoma syndrome. To gain insight into the mechanisms of BLV-induced(More)
This paper provides the first comparative analysis of nuclear reactor construction costs in France and the United States. Studying the cost of nuclear power has often been a challenge, owing to the lack of reliable data sources and heterogeneity between countries, as well as the long time horizon which requires controlling for input prices and structural(More)
Human bladder carcinomas often express high levels of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor. In three human bladder carcinoma cell lines (OBR, T24, and 647V), we show that two EGF receptor ligands, namely EGF and transforming growth factor alpha, enhanced the apoptosis due to serum starvation on cells cultured as monolayers. Conversely, EGF and(More)
In this study, we show that bovine leukemia virus (BLV)-induced persistent lymphocytosis (PL) results from the in vivo expansion of the CD11b+ B-lymphocyte population. This subset shares phenotypic characteristics with murine and human B-1 cells. BLV interactions with the sheep B-1-like subset were explored. We found that B-1- and B-2-like cells are(More)
The dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) gene from Pneumocystis carinii isolated from non-human primates was amplified using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced to analyse point mutations associated with sulfa resistance. P. carinii DHPS gene amplification was obtained from eight lung samples from five New World primate species and one Old World(More)