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Senile plaques characterized by beta-amyloid protein (A beta) deposits around dystrophic neurites and glial cells are more abundant in the cerebral cortical parenchyma of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients than in the aged population. Four different mutations in the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene have been directly involved in a few cases of familial(More)
Small RGK GTPases, Rad, Gem, Rem1, and Rem2, are potent inhibitors of high-voltage-activated (HVA) Ca2+ channels expressed in heterologous expression systems. However, the role of this regulation has never been clearly demonstrated in the nervous system. Using transcriptional analysis, we show that peripheral nerve injury specifically upregulates Gem in(More)
Polycomb group (PcG) proteins are able to maintain the memory of silent transcriptional states of homeotic genes throughout development. In Drosophila, they form multimeric complexes that bind to specific DNA regulatory elements named PcG response elements (PREs). To date, few PREs have been identified and the chromosomal distribution of PcG proteins during(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is a pathogenic intracellular microorganism whose infection induces pleiotropic biological changes associated with host cell gene expression regulation. Here we define the gene expression profiles of the human promyelocytic THP1 cell line before and after L. monocytogenes infection. Gene expression was measured on a large scale via(More)
BACKGROUND A key step in the analysis of microarray expression profiling data is the identification of genes that display statistically significant changes in expression signals between two biological conditions. RESULTS We describe a new method, Rank Difference Analysis of Microarrays (RDAM), which estimates the total number of truly varying genes and(More)
We have studied the molecular karyotypes of 21 strains and 14 clones of Leishmania infantum using pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). We detected a high degree of polymorphism within this species, with 'strain-specific' patterns for most isolates, even within a restricted endemic area. Variations relate to both the size of chromosomes (270-2600 kb) and(More)
The honeybee is a model system to study learning and memory, and Ca2+ signals play a key role in these processes. We have cloned, expressed, and characterized the first honeybee Ca2+ channel subunit. We identified two splice variants of the Apis CaVβ Ca2+ channel subunit (Am-CaVβ) and demonstrated expression in muscle and neurons. Although AmCaVβ shares(More)
This report is devoted to the characterization of the apolipoprotein E (ApoE) in Microcebus murinus. Only one allele homologous to the human ApoE4 allele was evidenced. The distribution of the corresponding ApoE protein in the brain was found in association with the pathological proteins characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Immunocytochemistry(More)
BACKGROUND One essential step in the massive analysis of transcriptomic profiles is the calculation of the correlation coefficient, a value used to select pairs of genes with similar or inverse transcriptional profiles across a large fraction of the biological conditions examined. Until now, the choice between the two available methods for calculating the(More)
Motivation: Usefulness of analysis derived from Affymetrix microarrays depends largely upon the reliability of files describing the correspondence between probe sets, genes and transcripts. In particular, in case a gene is targeted by two probe sets, one must be able to assess if the corresponding signals measure a group of common transcripts or two groups(More)