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An easy-to-make, sensitive, thin, flexible, multisensor probe for in vivo tissue temperature profile measurement is described. It is essentially a multijunction thermocouple (i.e., a multicouple) of type-T composition. Enamel-insulated copper wires (38 gauge) were soldered 5 mm apart to one common uninsulated constantan wire (36 gauge) and introduced into a(More)
The objective of the present study was to investigate the relative contribution of the convective heat transfer in the forearm and hand to 1) the total heat loss during partial immersion in cold water [water temperature (Tw) = 20 degrees C] and 2) the heat gained during partial immersion in warm water (Tw = 38 degrees C). The heat fluxes from the skin of(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure of the fingers to severe cold leads to cold-induced vasodilation (CIVD). The influence of ambient temperature on the CIVD-response is well understood and documented, but the response of CIVD to hyperthermia and mild hypothermia has rarely been investigated. METHODS To investigate the influence of body thermal status on the CIVD(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of a range of water temperatures (Tw from 15 to 36 degrees C) on the tissue temperature profile of the resting human forearm at thermal stability. Tissue temperature (Tti) was continuously monitored by a calibrated multicouple probe during 3 h of immersion of the forearm. The probe was implanted(More)
We evaluated the cooling rate of hyperthermic subjects, as measured by rectal temperature (T(re)), during immersion in a range of water temperatures. On 4 separate days, seven subjects (4 men, 3 women) exercised at 65% maximal oxygen consumption at an ambient temperature of 39 degrees C until T(re) increased to 40 degrees C (45.4 +/- 4.1 min). After(More)
We recently developed a nonshivering human model for severe hypothermia by using meperidine to inhibit shivering in mildly hypothermic subjects. This thermal model was used to evaluate warming techniques. On three occasions, eight subjects were immersed for approximately 25 min in 9 degrees C water. Meperidine (1.5 mg/kg) was injected before the subjects(More)
The aim of this study was to use whole body calorimetry to directly measure the change in body heat content (DeltaH(b)) during steady-state exercise and compare these values with those estimated using thermometry. The thermometry models tested were the traditional two-compartment model of "core" and "shell" temperatures, and a three-compartment model of(More)
Seven subjects (1 woman) performed an incremental isotonic test on a Kin-Com isokinetic apparatus to determine their maximal oxygen consumption during bilateral knee extensions (Vo(2 sp)). A multisensor thermal probe was inserted into the left vastus medialis (middiaphysis) under ultrasound guidance. The deepest sensor (tip) was located approximately 10 mm(More)
The transient temperature response of the resting human forearm immersed in water at temperatures (T w) ranging from 15 to 36°C was investigated. Tissue temperature (T t) was continuously monitored by a calibrated multicouple probe during the 3-h immersions.T t was measured every 5 mm, from the longitudinal axis of the forearm to the skin surface. Skin(More)
The relationship between body temperature and the hunting response (intermittent supply of warm blood to cold exposed extremities) was quantified for nine subjects by immersing one hand in 8 degree C water while their body was either warm, cool or comfortable. Core and skin temperatures were manipulated by exposing the subjects to different ambient(More)