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This study compared the effect of repetitive work in thermoneutral and cold conditions on forearm muscle electromyogram (EMG) and fatigue. We hypothesize that cold and repetitive work together cause higher EMG activity and fatigue than repetitive work only, thus creating a higher risk for overuse injuries. Eight men performed six 20-min work bouts at 25(More)
Dopamine (DA) the precursor of noradrenaline (NA) has been shown to have many functions such as its influence on endorphins activity and its association with hedonic impact, anxiety and depression. However with regard to the sympathetic nervous system activity, the role of DA has merely been considered as being the precursor of NA. We have shown in a(More)
Early studies have demonstrated that rectal temperature (T(re)) decreases and mean skin temperature (Tsk) increases in subjects changing their posture from standing to supine, and vice versa. Such changes have important implications insofar as thermal stress experiments are conducted and interpreted. However, the extent of these changes between steady-state(More)
The literature reports many organic malfunctions that are associated with elevated plasma cortisol and cholesterol levels. The present investigation was concerned with the influence of personality on plasma levels of cortisol and cholesterol. To that effect these variables were determined in a group of 20 subjects who answered the Big-Five Inventory for(More)
We evaluated the cooling rate of hyperthermic subjects, as measured by rectal temperature (T(re)), during immersion in a range of water temperatures. On 4 separate days, seven subjects (4 men, 3 women) exercised at 65% maximal oxygen consumption at an ambient temperature of 39 degrees C until T(re) increased to 40 degrees C (45.4 +/- 4.1 min). After(More)
The primary purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of two forms of hand heating and to discuss specific trends that relate finger dexterity performance to variables such as finger skin temperature (T(fing)), finger blood flow (Q(fing)), forearm skin temperature (T(fsk)), forearm muscle temperature (Tfmus), mean weighted body skin(More)
Tolerance to cold and heat exposure shows large variations for which there is still insufficient explanation. On the other hand the relationship between the responses to mental stress and individual personality is well documented. The aim of this study was then to find if personality traits have some influence on the responses to environmental temperature(More)
The present study investigated Eysenck's predictions concerning the correlation of personality to arousal at higher levels of stress. Twenty young adults were exposed to a physical stress causing great discomfort, specifically a cold wind (4 degrees C at 60 km/h) exposure to the face for 3 min. Autonomic nervous system (ANS) responses were measured by(More)
We recently developed a nonshivering human model for severe hypothermia by using meperidine to inhibit shivering in mildly hypothermic subjects. This thermal model was used to evaluate warming techniques. On three occasions, eight subjects were immersed for approximately 25 min in 9 degrees C water. Meperidine (1.5 mg/kg) was injected before the subjects(More)
The purpose of this study was to quantify how shivering activity would be affected by large changes in fuel metabolism (see Haman F, Peronnet F, Kenny GP, Doucet E, Massicotte D, Lavoie C, and Weber J-M, J Appl Physiol 96: 000-000, 2004). Adult men were exposed to 10 degrees C for 2 h after a low-carbohydrate diet and exercise (Lo) and after(More)