Michel B. Ducharme

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This study compared the effect of repetitive work in thermoneutral and cold conditions on forearm muscle electromyogram (EMG) and fatigue. We hypothesize that cold and repetitive work together cause higher EMG activity and fatigue than repetitive work only, thus creating a higher risk for overuse injuries. Eight men performed six 20-min work bouts at 25(More)
Dopamine (DA) the precursor of noradrenaline (NA) has been shown to have many functions such as its influence on endorphins activity and its association with hedonic impact, anxiety and depression. However with regard to the sympathetic nervous system activity, the role of DA has merely been considered as being the precursor of NA. We have shown in a(More)
Early studies have demonstrated that rectal temperature (T(re)) decreases and mean skin temperature (Tsk) increases in subjects changing their posture from standing to supine, and vice versa. Such changes have important implications insofar as thermal stress experiments are conducted and interpreted. However, the extent of these changes between steady-state(More)
The literature reports many organic malfunctions that are associated with elevated plasma cortisol and cholesterol levels. The present investigation was concerned with the influence of personality on plasma levels of cortisol and cholesterol. To that effect these variables were determined in a group of 20 subjects who answered the Big-Five Inventory for(More)
Tolerance to cold and heat exposure shows large variations for which there is still insufficient explanation. On the other hand the relationship between the responses to mental stress and individual personality is well documented. The aim of this study was then to find if personality traits have some influence on the responses to environmental temperature(More)
According to the 2006 Canadian Red Cross Drowning Report, 2007 persons died of cold-water immersion in Canada between 1991 and 2000. These statistics indicate that prevention of cold-water immersion fatalities is a significant public health issue for Canadians. What should a person do after accidental immersion in cold water? For a long time, aquatic safety(More)
The present study investigated Eysenck's predictions concerning the correlation of personality to arousal at higher levels of stress. Twenty young adults were exposed to a physical stress causing great discomfort, specifically a cold wind (4 degrees C at 60 km/h) exposure to the face for 3 min. Autonomic nervous system (ANS) responses were measured by(More)
The complex decision making experimental platform (CODEM) is intended as a shareable research tool to stimulate multidisciplinary research on complex dynamic situation management and as an environment for training and testing cognitive readiness. The experimenter can set general parameters, configure the interface, specify the model, insert events and(More)
The measurement of whole body heat loss in humans and the performance characteristics of a modified Snellen whole body air calorimeter are described. Modifications included the location of the calorimeter in a pressurized room, control of operating temperature over a range of - 15 to + 35 degrees C, control of ambient relative humidity over a range of(More)
Exposure of fingers to severe cold induces cold induced vasodilatation (CIVD). The mechanism of CIVD is still debated. The original theory states that an axon reflex causes CIVD. To test this hypothesis, axon reflexes were evoked by electrical stimulation of the middle fingers of hands immersed in water at either 5 degrees C or 35 degrees C. Axon reflexes(More)