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Increased peroxidation of lipids in red blood cells (RBC) in patients with advanced chronic renal failure (CRF) reflects increased generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which may contribute to the metabolic damage induced by CRF and to its progression. We have evaluated parameters indicative of lipoperoxidation (LPO) of RBC at baseline in patients(More)
Nutritional factors and dialysis adequacy are associated with outcome in hemodialyzed patients, but their relative contribution remains controversial, particularly when dialysis adequacy complies with current recommendations (Kt/V >1.2). Survival, clinical, and nutritional data from a cohort of prevalent 1,610 patients treated by hemodialysis in 20 centers(More)
Although intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN) is a method used widely to combat protein-calorie malnutrition in hemodialysis patients, its effect on survival has not been thoroughly studied. We conducted a prospective, randomized trial in which 186 malnourished hemodialysis patients received oral nutritional supplements with or without 1 year of IDPN.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Patients with CKD display altered plasma amino acid profiles. This study estimated the association between the estimated GFR and urinary and plasma amino acid profiles in CKD patients. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS Urine and plasma samples were taken from 52 patients with different stages of CKD, and plasma(More)
Low-protein, low-phosphorus diets (LPD) are prescribed to patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) to slow down the rate of progression of CRF and to control uraemic symptoms. A satisfactory adherence of patients to the prescribed diet is needed to meet these two goals. We studied the compliance of CRF patients to a LPD providing daily (per kg body weight)(More)
We studied a patient with a mitochondrial encephalomyopathy characterized by the presence of all the cardinal features of both myoclonic epilepsy and ragged-red fibers (MERRF) and mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes (MELAS) syndromes. Muscle biopsy showed ragged-red fibers (RRF). Some RRF were cytochrome c oxidase(More)
Plasma carnitine "insufficiency," (plasma esterified carnitine to free carnitine ratio above 0.25) was found in 21 of 48 (43.8%) patients with mitochondrial myopathy, of whom 4 also showed both total and free carnitine deficiencies in plasma. In addition, plasma levels of SCAC and LCAC were higher in patients with mitochondrial myopathy than in controls (P(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic uremia is responsible for secondary hyperparathyroidism (HPT II). Parathyroid secretion usually tends to normalize after kidney transplantation (KT), but the parameters of the reversibility of HPT II remain poorly defined, particularly the intrinsic mechanisms underlying the improvement of parathyroid function. METHODS The kinetic(More)
To investigate the effects of erythropoietin (rHuEPO) therapy supplemented or not with iron on hemolysis in hemodialysed patients (HD) we evaluated lipoperoxidation (LPO) by assaying (i) the red blood cell (RBC) antioxidant enzymatic system including superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase, and catalase (Cat), (ii) RBC polyunsaturated fatty acids(More)