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Previous biochemical studies have determined that human saliva contains high and low molecular weight mucin glycoproteins (MG1 and MG2, respectively) that are structurally distinct. In this study, we describe the isolation and characterization of overlapping cDNA clones which code for the MG2 protein core. DNA sequencing revealed a translated region of 1131(More)
Salivary alpha-amylase, a major component of human saliva, plays a role in the initial digestion of starch and may be involved in the colonization of bacteria involved in early dental plaque formation. The three-dimensional atomic structure of salivary amylase has been determined to understand the structure-function relationships of this enzyme. This(More)
Previous studies have suggested that salivary secretions may act as inhibitors of HIV-1 replication in vitro. This inhibitory activity was determined to be associated mainly with secretions obtained from the human submandibular-sublingual glands, and subsequent electron micrographs revealed the association of viral particles with the salivary sediment.(More)
This study examined differential expression of several mucin genes in the human submandibular gland and trachea, MUC7 tissue and species specificity, and MUC7 genetic polymorphism. Mucin gene expression examined by RT-PCR indicated that MUC1, MUC4 and MUC7 are expressed in the human submandibular gland, while MUC1, MUC2, MUC4, MUC5 and MUC7 are expressed in(More)
A high-molecular-weight mucin-glycoprotein (MG1) was isolated from human submandibular-sublingual saliva and was comprised of 14.9% protein, 29.0% N-acetylglucosamine, 9.4% N-acetylgalactosamine, 10.5% fucose, 24.2% galactose, 0.9% mannose, 4.0% N-acetylneuraminic acid, and 7.0% sulfate. Carbohydrate units were O-glycosidically linked and ranged in size(More)
The protective functions of saliva are attributed, in part, to its serous and mucous glycoproteins. We have studied, as representative molecules, the proline-rich glycoprotein (PRG) from human parotid saliva and the high (MG1) and low (MG2) molecular weight mucins from submandibular-sublingual saliva. PRG (38.9 kDa) contains 40% carbohydrate consisting of 6(More)
The lubrication regime displayed by human salivas (parotid and submandibular-sublingual), purified salivary molecules (the mucins MG1 and MG2 and alpha-amylases), and selected artificial salivas (Oracare D, Saliva Substitute, and Orthana) was assessed in vitro using a friction-testing device. Thin-film (boundary) lubrication was observed for all of the(More)
The molecular cloning of sequences encoding human submandibular gland (SMG) statherin and a basic histidine-rich peptide is described. The corresponding mRNA's were highly abundant in the human and the Rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) SMG, but no homologous message was detectable in the murine SMG. Sequence analysis revealed strong homology between the(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify components of saliva that interact with Candida albicans in solution and that may modulate adhesion to dental acrylic (polymethylmethacrylate [PMMA]) surfaces. Saliva-derived pellicles extracted from C. albicans blastoconidia and hyphal-form cells mixed with fresh human submandibular-sublingual saliva (HSMSL)(More)
Measurements of the production of forward high-energy pi(0) mesons from transversely polarized proton collisions at sqrt[s]=200 GeV are reported. The cross section is generally consistent with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations. The analyzing power is small at x(F) below about 0.3, and becomes positive and large at higher x(F), similar to(More)