Michal Pásek

Learn More
The transverse (t-) tubules of cardiac ventricular myocytes are invaginations of the surface membrane that form a complex network within the cell. Many of the key proteins involved in excitation-contraction coupling appear to be located predominantly at the t-tubule membrane. Despite their importance, the fraction of cell membrane within the t-tubules(More)
Alcohol consumption may result in electrocardiographic changes and arrhythmias. Important role of modifications of the inward rectifier potassium current I(K1) in arrhythmogenesis is well established. Considering lack of relevant data, we aimed at studying the effect of 0.2-200 mM ethanol on I(K1) in enzymatically isolated rat right ventricular myocytes(More)
The t-tubules of mammalian ventricular myocytes are invaginations of the surface membrane that form a complex network within the cell, with restricted diffusion to the bulk extracellular space. The trans-sarcolemmal flux of many ions, including Ca2+, occurs predominantly across the t-tubule membrane and thus into and out of this restricted diffusion space.(More)
Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia at alcohol consumption. Its pathogenesis is complex, at least partly related to changes of cardiac inward rectifier potassium currents including IK1. Both ethanol and acetaldehyde have been demonstrated to considerably modify IK1 in rat ventricular myocytes. However, analogical data on the atrial IK1 are(More)
The sarcolemmal membrane of mammalian cardiac ventricular myocytes is characterized by the presence of invaginations called transverse tubules (t-tubules). Transverse tubules occur at the Z-line as transverse elements with longitudinal extensions. While the existence of t-tubules has been known for some time, recent experimental studies have suggested that(More)
The mechanism of ajmaline-induced inhibition of the transient outward current (I(to)) has been investigated in right ventricular myocytes of rat using the whole cell patch clamp technique. Ajmaline decreased the amplitude and the time integral of I(to) in a concentration-dependent, but frequency- and use-independent manner. In contrast to the single(More)
AIM Even though alcohol intoxication is often linked to arrhythmias, data describing ethanol effect on cardiac ionic channels are rare. In addition, ethanol is used as a solvent of hydrophobic compounds in experimental studies. We investigated changes of the action potential (AP) configuration and main ionic membrane currents in rat cardiomyocytes under(More)
The effect of ajmaline on action potential (AP) and ionic current components has been investigated in right ventricular myocytes of rat at room temperature using the whole cell patch clamp technique. Ajmaline decreased the upstroke velocity ((dV/dt)max) of AP and the AP amplitude, increased the AP duration measured at 50 and 90% repolarization, and(More)
A model of the guinea-pig cardiac ventricular myocyte has been developed that includes a representation of the transverse-axial tubular system (TATS), including heterogeneous distribution of ion flux pathways between the surface and tubular membranes. The model reproduces frequency-dependent changes of action potential shape and intracellular ion(More)
The transverse-axial tubular system (TATS) of cardiac ventricular myocytes is a complex network of tubules that arises as invaginations of the surface membrane; it appears to form a specialised region of cell membrane that is particularly important for excitation-contraction coupling. However, much remains unknown about the structure and role of the TATS.(More)