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A model of the guinea-pig cardiac ventricular myocyte has been developed that includes a representation of the transverse-axial tubular system (TATS), including heterogeneous distribution of ion flux pathways between the surface and tubular membranes. The model reproduces frequency-dependent changes of action potential shape and intracellular ion(More)
The t-tubules of mammalian ventricular myocytes are invaginations of the surface membrane that form a complex network within the cell, with restricted diffusion to the bulk extracellular space. The trans-sarcolemmal flux of many ions, including Ca2+, occurs predominantly across the t-tubule membrane and thus into and out of this restricted diffusion space.(More)
Alcohol consumption may result in electrocardiographic changes and arrhythmias. Important role of modifications of the inward rectifier potassium current I(K1) in arrhythmogenesis is well established. Considering lack of relevant data, we aimed at studying the effect of 0.2-200 mM ethanol on I(K1) in enzymatically isolated rat right ventricular myocytes(More)
Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia at alcohol consumption. Its pathogenesis is complex, at least partly related to changes of cardiac inward rectifier potassium currents including IK1. Both ethanol and acetaldehyde have been demonstrated to considerably modify IK1 in rat ventricular myocytes. However, analogical data on the atrial IK1 are(More)
We have used a previously published computer model of the rat cardiac ventricular myocyte to investigate the effect of changing the distribution of Ca(2+) efflux pathways (SERCA, Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange, and sarcolemmal Ca(2+) ATPase) between the dyad and bulk cytoplasm and the effect of adding exogenous Ca(2+) buffers (BAPTA or EGTA), which are used(More)
The sarcolemmal membrane of mammalian cardiac ventricular myocytes is characterized by the presence of invaginations called transverse tubules (t-tubules). Transverse tubules occur at the Z-line as transverse elements with longitudinal extensions. While the existence of t-tubules has been known for some time, recent experimental studies have suggested that(More)
The transverse (t-) tubules of cardiac ventricular myocytes are invaginations of the surface membrane that form a complex network within the cell. Many of the key proteins involved in excitation-contraction coupling appear to be located predominantly at the t-tubule membrane. Despite their importance, the fraction of cell membrane within the t-tubules(More)
AIM Even though alcohol intoxication is often linked to arrhythmias, data describing ethanol effect on cardiac ionic channels are rare. In addition, ethanol is used as a solvent of hydrophobic compounds in experimental studies. We investigated changes of the action potential (AP) configuration and main ionic membrane currents in rat cardiomyocytes under(More)
The mechanism of ajmaline-induced inhibition of the transient outward current (I(to)) has been investigated in right ventricular myocytes of rat using the whole cell patch clamp technique. Ajmaline decreased the amplitude and the time integral of I(to) in a concentration-dependent, but frequency- and use-independent manner. In contrast to the single(More)
Alcohol intoxication tends to induce arrhythmias, most often the atrial fibrillation. To elucidate arrhythmogenic mechanisms related to alcohol consumption, the effect of ethanol on main components of the ionic membrane current is investigated step by step. Considering limited knowledge, we aimed to examine the effect of clinically relevant concentrations(More)