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Most studies on TCF7L2 SNP variants in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) focus on a role of the encoded transcription factor TCF4 in β cells. Here, a mouse genetics approach shows that removal of TCF4 from β cells does not affect their function, whereas manipulating TCF4 levels in the liver has major effects on metabolism. In Tcf7l2(-/-) mice, the(More)
The Wnt signaling pathway controls stem cell identity in the intestinal epithelium and in many other adult organs. The transcription factor Ascl2 (a Wnt target gene) is a master regulator of intestinal stem cell identity. It is unclear how the continuous Wnt gradient along the crypt axis is translated into discrete expression of Ascl2 and discrete(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate, from the histological point of view, the effect of diode laser irradiation on skin wound healing in Sprague-Dawley rats. BACKGROUND DATA Various biological effects have been described in different studies after low-level laser therapy (LLLT). METHODS Two parallel full-thickness skin incisions were(More)
Routine methods for assaying steady-state mRNA levels such as RNA-seq and micro-arrays are commonly used as readouts to study the role of transcription factors (TFs) in gene expression regulation. However, cellular RNA levels do not solely depend on activity of TFs and subsequent transcription by RNA polymerase II (Pol II), but are also affected by RNA(More)
PURPOSE In the era of DNA-guided personalized cancer treatment, it is essential to conduct predictive analysis on the tissue that matters. Here, we analyzed genetic differences between primary colorectal adenocarcinomas (CRC) and their respective hepatic metastasis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The primary CRC and the subsequent hepatic metastasis of 21 patients(More)
Forkhead box O (FOXO) transcription factors are key players in diverse cellular processes affecting tumorigenesis, stem cell maintenance and lifespan. To gain insight into the mechanisms of FOXO-regulated target gene expression, we studied genome-wide effects of FOXO3 activation. Profiling RNA polymerase II changes shows that FOXO3 regulates gene expression(More)
Epithelial regeneration is critical for barrier maintenance and organ function after intestinal injury. The intestinal stem cell (ISC) niche provides Wnt, Notch and epidermal growth factor (EGF) signals supporting Lgr5(+) crypt base columnar ISCs for normal epithelial maintenance. However, little is known about the regulation of the ISC compartment after(More)
Microarray-based enrichment of selected genomic loci is a powerful method for genome complexity reduction for next-generation sequencing. Since the vast majority of exons in vertebrate genomes are smaller than 150 nt, we explored the use of short fragment libraries (85-110 bp) to achieve higher enrichment specificity by reducing carryover and adverse(More)
Targeted genomic enrichment followed by next-generation DNA sequencing has dramatically increased efficiency of mutation-discovery efforts. We describe a protocol for genomic enrichment of pooled barcoded samples in a single assay that increases experimental flexibility and efficiency. We screened 770 genes (1.4 megabases) in thirty N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea(More)
The unprecedented increase in the throughput of DNA sequencing driven by next-generation technologies now allows efficient analysis of the complete protein-coding regions of genomes (exomes) for multiple samples in a single sequencing run. However, sample preparation and targeted enrichment of multiple samples has become a rate-limiting and costly step in(More)