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Glucose-regulated protein 94 is the HSP90-like protein in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum and therefore it chaperones secreted and membrane proteins. It has essential functions in development and physiology of multicellular organisms, at least in part because of this unique clientele. GRP94 shares many biochemical features with other HSP90 proteins,(More)
The mechanisms of cell transformation mediated by the highly oncogenic, chimeric NPM/ALK tyrosine kinase remain only partially understood. Here we report that cell lines and native tissues derived from the NPM/ALK-expressing T-cell lymphoma (ALK+ TCL) display phosphorylation of the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) 1/2 complex.(More)
The mechanisms of cell transformation mediated by the nucleophosmin (NPM)/anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) tyrosine kinase are only partially understood. Here, we report that cell lines and native tissues derived from the NPM/ALK-expressing T-cell lymphoma display persistent activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) as determined by phosphorylation(More)
Hypogelsolinemia is observed in patients with different states of acute or chronic inflammation such as sepsis, rheumatoid arthritis, and multiple sclerosis. In animal models of sepsis, repletion of plasma gelsolin reduces septic mortality. However, the functions of extracellular gelsolin and the mechanisms leading to its protective nature are poorly(More)
Protein-tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 is the key negative regulator of numerous signaling pathways. SHP-1 is expressed in the hematopietic and epithelial cells as two structurally similar mRNA transcripts controlled by two different promoters designated P2 and P1, respectively. Whereas the transcriptional regulation of the SHP-1 gene P1 promoter has been(More)
Expression of SHP-1 phosphatase, a key negative regulator of cell signaling, is lost in T cell lymphomas and other malignancies due to DNA methylation of the SHP-1 promoter by a currently undefined mechanism. We demonstrate that malignant T cells express DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) 1 and that constantly activated signal transducer and activator of(More)
The mechanisms of malignant cell transformation caused by the oncogenic, chimeric nucleophosmin (NPM)/anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) remain only partially understood, with most of the previous studies focusing mainly on the impact of NPM/ALK on cell survival and proliferation. Here we report that the NPM/ALK-carrying T cell lymphoma (ALK+TCL) cells(More)
The mechanisms of malignant cell transformation mediated by the oncogenic, chimeric nucleophosmin/anaplastic lymphoma kinase (NPM/ALK) tyrosine kinase remain only partially understood. Here we report that the NPM/ALK-carrying T cell lymphoma (ALK+TCL) cells secrete IL-10 and TGF-beta and express FoxP3, indicating their T regulatory (Treg) cell phenotype.(More)
The prognosis for patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is poor, and at present there is no truly effective therapy. Gene translocation-mediated constitutive expression of cyclin D1 seems to play the key role in the pathogenesis of MCL. Here we report that although 3 of 4 MCL cell lines expressed the recently identified, highly oncogenic cyclin D1b(More)
In this study, we compared the effects of interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-15, and IL-21 on gene expression, activation of cell signaling pathways, and functional properties of cells derived from CD4+ cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Whereas both IL-2 and IL-15 modulated, in a CTCL cell line, the expression of >1,000 gene transcripts by at least 2-fold, IL-21(More)