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This article reviews the responses of plant roots to elevated rhizosphere cadmium (Cd) concentrations. Cadmium enters plants from the soil solution. It traverses the root through symplasmic or apoplasmic pathways before entering the xylem and being translocated to the shoot. Leaf Cd concentrations in excess of 5-10 μg g(-1) dry matter are toxic to most(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Merwilla plumbea is an important African medicinal plant. As the plants grow in soils contaminated with metals from mining activities, the danger of human intoxication exists. An experiment with plants exposed to cadmium (Cd) was performed to investigate the response of M. plumbea to this heavy metal, its uptake and translocation to(More)
Cadmium uptake, tissue localization and structural changes induced at cellular level are essential to understand Cd tolerance in plants. In this study we have exposed plants of Pteris vittata to different concentrations of CdCl2 (0, 30, 60, 100 μM) to evaluate the tolerance of the fern to cadmium. Cadmium content determination and its histochemical(More)
The seeds of Zea mays L. cv. KWS were exposed to low-temperature plasma (LTP) by using Diffuse Coplanar Surface Barrier Discharge (DCSBD) for 60 and 120 seconds respectively. Growth parameters, anatomy of roots and activity of some enzymes (CAT, G-POX, SOD and DHO) isolated from roots grown from the seeds treated by LTP were evaluated. Our results indicate(More)
Silica phytoliths are microscopic structures of amorphous hydrated silica (SiO2·nH2O) formed by specialized plant cells. Besides their biological roles, physical, chemical, and structural properties of biogenic silica offer a wide spectrum of applications in many fields of industry and technology. Therefore, processes involved in their formation recently(More)
Root growth of the seedlings of maize cultivars Premia and Blitz exposed to 2 μM cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni) or both metals acting simultaneously (Cd + Ni) for 72 h was significantly reduced but not ceased. The effect was more pronounced in the seedlings of the cv. Blitz. The heavy metals (HMs) contents increased significantly in the roots. Simultaneous(More)
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