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The development of microwave breast cancer detection and treatment techniques has been driven by reports of substantial contrast in the dielectric properties of malignant and normal breast tissues. However, definitive knowledge of the dielectric properties of normal and diseased breast tissues at microwave frequencies has been limited by gaps and(More)
The efficacy of emerging microwave breast cancer detection and treatment techniques will depend, in part, on the dielectric properties of normal breast tissue. However, knowledge of these properties at microwave frequencies has been limited due to gaps and discrepancies in previously reported small-scale studies. To address these issues, we experimentally(More)
Hermetic stainless-steel open-ended coaxial probes have been designed for precision dielectric spectroscopy of biological tissue, such as breast tissue, over the 0.5-20-GHz frequency range. Robust data-processing techniques have also been developed for extracting the unknown permittivity of the tissue under test from the reflection coefficient measured with(More)
Two microelectromechanical systems switchable microwave bandpass filters are presented. Both filters are compact fourth-order symmetrically coupled filters-the first is designed with bridge capacitive switches, while the second uses cantilever capacitive switches. The bridge-switched filter tunes from 21.6 to 16.85 GHz with insertion losses of 0.9 and 1.0(More)
The continuing advances in the field of electrical engineering, in areas like cellular communications, fiber optics, mobile and multi-gigahertz electronics have necessitated a computer-assisted design approach to the complex electromagnetic interactions and problems that arise. Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) Analysis is a very powerful tool for the(More)
Microwave breast imaging techniques involve collecting measurements from a breast that is positioned in a scanner. While the patient interface typically includes a hole through which the breast is placed when the patient lies in the prone position, the exact location and shape of breast are not known. In this paper, we explore the addition of a laser sensor(More)