Michal Lavidor

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In vivo effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) have attracted much attention nowadays as this area of research spreads to both the motor and cognitive domains. The common assumption is that the anode electrode causes an enhancement of cortical excitability during stimulation, which then lasts for a few minutes thereafter, while the(More)
Cognitive training is an effective tool to improve a variety of cognitive functions, and a small number of studies have now shown that brain stimulation accompanying these training protocols can enhance their effects. In the domain of behavioral inhibition, little is known about how training can affect this skill. As for transcranial direct current(More)
A new theory of visual word recognition is based on the fact that the fovea is split in humans. When a reader fixates the center of a written word, the initial letters of the word that are to the left of fixation are projected first to the right cerebral hemisphere (RH) while the final letters are projected to the left cerebral hemisphere (LH). This paper(More)
A fundamental question in visual perception is whether the representation of the fovea is split at the midline between the two hemispheres, or bilaterally represented by overlapping projections of the fovea in each hemisphere. Here we examine psychophysical, anatomical, neuropsychological and brain stimulation experiments that have addressed this question,(More)
Previous studies have reported an interaction between visual field (VF) and word length such that word recognition is affected more by length in the left VF (LVF) than in the right VF (RVF). A reanalysis showed that the previously reported effects of length were confounded with orthographic neighborhood size (N). In three experiments we manipulated length(More)
The patterns of activation invoked in the two cerebral hemispheres by written words may be different. Two lexical decision experiments investigated several aspects of such activation patterns. Experiment 1 tested phonological and orthographic priming in the hemispheres, manipulating two levels of phonological and two levels of orthographic similarity.(More)
A common feature of human existence is the ability to reverse decisions after they are made but before they are implemented. This cognitive control process, termed response inhibition, refers to the ability to inhibit an action once initiated and has been localized to the right inferior frontal gyrus (rIFG) based on functional imaging and brain lesion(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a stimulation method in which a magnetic coil generates a magnetic field in an area of interest in the brain. This magnetic field induces an electric field that modulates neuronal activity. The spatial distribution of the induced electric field is determined by the geometry and location of the coil relative to the(More)
Many previous studies reported that the hyperpolarization of cortical neurons following cathodal stimulation (in transcranial direct current stimulation) has resulted in cognitive performance degradation. Here, we challenge this assumption by showing that cathodal stimulation will not always degrade cognitive performance. We used an attentional load(More)
A dual-route model for the recognition of written words is hypothesised. The model postulates that the two cerebral hemispheres differ in their sensitivity to the visual format of verbal stimuli. Such stimuli may be 'standard', that is in Standard Visual Format (SVF), or "non-standard", i.e. in non-standard Visual Format (NSVF). In the left hemisphere (LH),(More)