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Recent enhancements and current research in the GeneCards (GC) (http://bioinfo.weizmann.ac.il/cards/) project are described, including the addition of gene expression profiles and integrated gene locations. Also highlighted are the contributions of specialized associated human gene-centric databases developed at the Weizmann Institute. These include the(More)
MOTIVATION In the post-genomic era, functional analysis of genes requires a sophisticated interdisciplinary arsenal. Comprehensive resources are challenged to provide consistently improving, state-of-the-art tools. RESULTS GeneCards (Rebhan et al., 1998) has made innovative strides: (a). regular updates and enhancements incorporating new genes enriched(More)
Many genomic loci contain transcription units on both strands, therefore two oppositely oriented transcripts can overlap. Often, one strand codes for a protein, whereas the transcript from the other strand is non-encoding. Such natural antisense transcripts (NATs) can negatively regulate the conjugated sense transcript. NATs are highly prevalent in a wide(More)
In recent years, intensive computational efforts have been directed towards the discovery of promoter motifs that correlate with mRNA expression profiles. Nevertheless, it is still not always possible to predict steady-state mRNA expression levels based on promoter signals alone, suggesting that other factors may be involved. Other genic regions, in(More)
The multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) syndromes and Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) are inherited neurocristopathies characterized by medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), pheochromocytoma, parathyroid disease, and gastrointestinal neuromatosis. Mutations in the RET proto-oncogene are the underlying cause of the MEN2 syndromes and some cases of HSCR. In(More)
BACKGROUND Capillary malformation (CM), a common vascular abnormality, is often present among family members. Recently a rare form of hereditary vascular malformation termed capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation (CM-AVM) was shown to be caused by heterozygous mutations in RASA1, encoding RAS p21 protein activator 1. CM-AVM is characterized by(More)
MOTIVATION Current methodologies for the selection of putative transcription factor binding sites (TFBS) rely on various assumptions such as over-representation of motifs occurring on gene promoters, and the use of motif descriptions such as consensus or position-specific scoring matrices (PSSMs). In order to avoid bias introduced by such assumptions, we(More)
The olfactory receptor (OR) subgenome harbors the largest known gene family in mammals, disposed in clusters on numerous chromosomes. One of the best characterized OR clusters, located at human chromosome 17p13.3, has previously been studied by us in human and in other primates, revealing a conserved set of 17 OR genes. Here, we report the identification of(More)