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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is considered a predictor for severe stroke and poor outcome. The aim was to evaluate whether AF is associated with poor outcome in acute ischemic stroke (IS) patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). In a retrospective study, 157 consecutive IS patients (98 males, mean age 67.3 +/- 10.2 years), treated with IVT within 3(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Botulinum toxin (BoNT) treatment relieves focal arm spasticity after stroke, likely acting at several hierarchical levels of the motor system. The central correlate of BoNT-induced spasticity relief may be detected using repeated functional MRI (fMRI) during motor task. METHODS Five patients (4 males, 1 female, mean age 67 years)(More)
BACKGROUND The early recanalization (ER) of an occluded cerebral artery is important for clinical improvement in acute ischemic stroke. The aim of the study was to assess the possible association between the prior use of antiplatelets (AP) and ER of occluded middle cerebral artery (MCA) after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). METHODS In 146 consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND Investigations were performed to localize and analyze the botulinum toxin (BoNT-A) related changes of cerebral cortex activation in chronic stroke patients suffering from severe hand paralysis with arm spasticity. Effects on task- related cerebral activation were evaluated by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). METHODS 14 patients (5(More)
AIMS Optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) enlargement is detectable in patients with increased intracranial pressure. The aim was to detect an enlargement of the ONSD using optic nerve sonography in patients with acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) within 6 h of the onset of symptoms. METHODS Thirty-one acute ICH patients, 15 age-matched acute ischaemic(More)
BACKGROUND Undetected atrial fibrillation (AF) is often suspected as the possible cause in patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke (IS), especially in elderly population. In young IS patients, the prevalence of AF, particularly paroxysmal form, remains still not enough established. Our aim was to assess the presence of AF in young patients using a(More)
BACKGROUND Antiplatelet therapy plays a crucial role in the primary and secondary prevention of noncardioembolic ischemic stroke / transient ischemic attacks (IS/TIA). Several antiplatelet agents are available. This review deals with the characteristics of particular antiplatelet agents as well as choice of antiplatelet treatment in various situations,(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of long-term mortality in Europe and it negatively influences the outcome after stroke. However, its influence on stroke recurrence which endangers stroke patients mostly in the first months following stroke, is unclear. Previous studies have found no association between CAD and ischemic stroke(More)
OBJECTIVE to identify predictors of good outcome in acute basilar artery occlusion (Bao). Background: acute ischemic stroke (aiS) caused by Bao is often associated with a severe and persistent neurological deficit and a high mortality rate. METHODS the set consisted of 70 consecutive aiS patients (51 males; mean age 64.5 ± 14.5 years) with Bao. the role(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE acute ischemic stroke (AIS) may occur both in the acute and chronic internal carotid artery occlusion (ICAo). Thus, it is important to assess the ICAo character when considering the recanalization method. The aim was to assess the agreement between the ultrasonographic (US) and perioperative macroscopic (PM) finding in AIS patients(More)
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