Michal Judith Besser

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The neurotransmitter dopamine on its own increased significantly TNFalpha and IL-10 secretion by resting normal-human T-cells, and induced approximately 5-fold elevation of the corresponding mRNA's, without affecting IFNgamma and IL-4. Using seven highly selective dopamine-receptor (DR) agonists and antagonists we found that TNFalpha-upregulation, evident(More)
PURPOSE Adoptive cell therapy with autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) has shown promising results in metastatic melanoma patients. Although objective response rates of over 50% have been reported, disadvantages of this approach are the labor-intensive TIL production and a very high drop-out rate of enrolled patients, limiting its widespread(More)
T cells may encounter glutamate, the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the nervous system, when patrolling the brain and in glutamate-rich peripheral organs. Moreover, glutamate levels increase in the CNS in many pathological conditions in which T cells exert either beneficial or detrimental effects. We discovered that normal human T cells, human T(More)
It was previously shown that CEACAM1 on melanoma cells strongly predicts poor outcome. Here, we show a statistically significant increase of serum CEACAM1 in 64 active melanoma patients, as compared to 48 patients with no evidence of disease and 37 healthy donors. Among active patients, higher serum CEACAM1 correlated with LDH values and with decreased(More)
Some solid tumors have reduced posttranscriptional RNA editing by adenosine deaminase acting on RNA (ADAR) enzymes, but the functional significance of this alteration has been unclear. Here, we found the primary RNA-editing enzyme ADAR1 is frequently reduced in metastatic melanomas. In situ analysis of melanoma samples using progression tissue microarrays(More)
Adoptive cell therapy with autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) and high-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2), after nonmyeloablative chemotherapy, has been shown to result in tumor regression in half of refractory metastatic melanoma patients. In the present study, we describe 2 separate clinical protocols. Twelve patients were treated with "Selected"-TIL,(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin-2 (IL-2) shows encouraging clinical results in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients, but is limited by substantial toxicity. Cell-based therapy holds a promise, but past attempts in RCC were unsuccessful. Advances in tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) generation technology and modified clinical protocols recently yielded a(More)
Efficient antitumor immune response requires the coordinated function of integrated immune components, but is finally exerted by the differentiated effector tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL). TIL cells comprise, therefore, an exciting platform for adoptive cell transfer (ACT) in cancer. In this study, we show that the inhibitory carcinoembryonic Ag cell(More)
CONTEXT Quantification of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) has recently become feasible and reliable, with most efforts focusing on miRNAs overexpressed by cancer cells. OBJECTIVE Identification of a characteristic circulating miRNAs profile in melanoma patients. METHODS We conducted a pilot study comprised of unbiased qPCR comparison of serum miRNA(More)
Adoptive Cell Transfer (ACT) of Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TIL) in combination with lymphodepletion has proven to be an effective treatment for metastatic melanoma patients, with an objective response rate in 50%-70% of the patients. It is based on the ex vivo expansion and activation of tumor-specific T lymphocytes extracted from the tumor and their(More)