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Based on our observations of energy sparing in heat-acclimated (AC) rat hearts, we investigated whether changes in preischemic glycogen level, glycolytic rate, and plasma thyroxine level mediate cardioprotection induced in these hearts during ischemia-reperfusion insults. Control (C) (24 degrees C), AC (34 degrees C, 30 days), acclimated-euthyroid (34(More)
The endocannabinoid N-arachidonoyl ethanolamine (anandamide), found both in the CNS and in the periphery, plays a role in numerous physiological systems. One might expect that the chemically related N-arachidonoyl-L-serine (ARA-S) could also be formed alongside anandamide. We have now isolated ARA-S from bovine brain and elucidated its structure by(More)
Acclimation to heat is a biphasic process involving a transient perturbed phase followed by a long lasting period during which acclimatory homeostasis is developed. In this investigation, we used cDNA stress microarray (Clontech Laboratory) to characterize the stress-related genomic response during the course of heat acclimation and to test the hypotheses(More)
During exertion in the heat, heat-intolerant (HI) subjects have a physiological disability in metabolic heat dissipation. The HI state is either permanent or temporary, depending on whether it stems from transient predisposing factors or inherent thermoregulatory dysfunction. In this investigation, we studied protein levels of heat shock protein (HSP) 70(More)
1. Adaptation of salivary cooling mechanism during acclimation to heat (34 degrees C) and its role in thermoregulation of the rats was studied on conscious rats with either one submaxillary gland chronically cannulated or both submaxillaries ligated. 2. During heat stress (40 degrees C) acclimated rats showed a decrease both in rectal temperature threshold(More)
Osmoregulatory and volume-regulatory responses of heat-acclimated pigeons (Columba livia) were studied during normal hydration and dehydration combined with heat exposure. Dehydrated heat-exposed pigeons (exposure to 50 degrees C following 48 h of water deprivation; 16-18% mass loss) could recover 97% of their initial body mass within 30 min of free(More)
Glucosylceramide, a degradation product of complex glycosphingolipids, is hydrolysed in lysosomes by glucocerebrosidase (GlcCerase). Mutations in the human GlcCerase gene cause a reduction in GlcCerase activity and accumulation of glucosylceramide, which results in the onset of Gaucher disease, the most common lysosomal storage disease. Significant clinical(More)
It has been suggested that reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a role in the pathophysiology of brain damage. A number of therapeutic approaches, based on scavenging these radicals, have been attempted both in experimental models and in the clinical setting. In an experimental rat and mouse model of closed-head injury (CHI), we have studied the total tissue(More)
Heat acclimation (AC) is a "within lifetime" reversible phenotypic adaptation, enhancing thermotolerance and heat endurance via a transition to "efficient" cellular performance when acclimatory homeostasis is reached. An inseparable outcome of AC is the development of cross-tolerance (C-T) against novel stressors. This chapter focuses on central plasticity(More)
Chronic exposure to environmental heat improves tolerance via heat acclimation (AC). Our previous data on mammals indicate that reprogramming the expression of genes coding for stress proteins and energy-metabolism enzymes plays a major role. Knowledge of pathways leading to AC is limited. For their identification, we established a Caenorhabditis elegans AC(More)