Michal Horowitz

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The endocannabinoid N-arachidonoyl ethanolamine (anandamide), found both in the CNS and in the periphery, plays a role in numerous physiological systems. One might expect that the chemically related N-arachidonoyl-L-serine (ARA-S) could also be formed alongside anandamide. We have now isolated ARA-S from bovine brain and elucidated its structure by(More)
During exertion in the heat, heat-intolerant (HI) subjects have a physiological disability in metabolic heat dissipation. The HI state is either permanent or temporary, depending on whether it stems from transient predisposing factors or inherent thermoregulatory dysfunction. In this investigation, we studied protein levels of heat shock protein (HSP) 70(More)
Heat acclimation (AC) is a "within lifetime" reversible phenotypic adaptation, enhancing thermotolerance and heat endurance via a transition to "efficient" cellular performance when acclimatory homeostasis is reached. An inseparable outcome of AC is the development of cross-tolerance (C-T) against novel stressors. This chapter focuses on central plasticity(More)
Heat acclimation induces adaptive changes that improve the ability to cope with extreme environmental heat. Acclimatory homeostasis is manifested by an expanded dynamic thermoregulatory span (TRS), reflected in the intact organism by a lower temperature threshold (T(sh)) for heat dissipation, and delayed T(sh) for thermal injury. This principle shares(More)
Experimental evidence indicates that long-term exposure to moderately high ambient temperature (heat acclimation, HA) mediates cross-tolerance to various types of subsequently applied stress. The transcriptional activator hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) has been implicated in playing a critical role in HA. It also regulates the expression of(More)
1. Adaptation of salivary cooling mechanism during acclimation to heat (34 degrees C) and its role in thermoregulation of the rats was studied on conscious rats with either one submaxillary gland chronically cannulated or both submaxillaries ligated. 2. During heat stress (40 degrees C) acclimated rats showed a decrease both in rectal temperature threshold(More)
This investigation attempted to confirm the involvement of central ANG II-ergic signals in thermoregulation. Experiments were conducted on rats undergoing short (STHA)- and long (LTHA)-term heat acclimation, with and without superimposed hypohydration. Vasodilatation (VTsh) and salivation (STsh) temperature thresholds, tail blood flow, and heat endurance(More)
It has been suggested that reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a role in the pathophysiology of brain damage. A number of therapeutic approaches, based on scavenging these radicals, have been attempted both in experimental models and in the clinical setting. In an experimental rat and mouse model of closed-head injury (CHI), we have studied the total tissue(More)
Sub-lethal exposure to practically any harmful stimulus has been shown to induce consequent protection against more severe stress. This preconditioning (PC) effect may be achieved by exposure to different stressors, indicating that the induction of tolerance involves activation of common protective pathways. Chronic exposure to moderate heat (heat(More)