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Monomethylarsonic acid (MMA(V)) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA(V)) are active ingredients in pesticidal products used mainly for weed control. MMA(V) and DMA(V) are also metabolites of inorganic arsenic, formed intracellularly, primarily in liver cells in a metabolic process of repeated reductions and oxidative methylations. Inorganic arsenic is a known(More)
Dimethylarsinic acid (DMA), fed to rats for 2 years, produced bladder hyperplasia and tumors at doses of 40 and 100 p.p.m., more in females than males. No urothelial proliferation was seen in mice. Our objectives were to investigate the mode of action of bladder tumor formation, evaluate the dose-response and the role of diet and to determine if the(More)
Dimethylarsinic acid (DMA(V), cacodylic acid), a foliar herbicide, was administered in the diet to B6C3F1 mice (at dose levels of 0, 8, 40, 200, and 500 ppm) and to F344 rats (at dose levels of 0, 2, 10, 40, and 100 ppm) for 2 years, according to US EPA guidelines. In mice, there were no treatment-related tumors observed at any site. Treatment-related(More)
Monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) was administered in the diet of male and female Fischer F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice in 2-year feeding studies according to US EPA guidelines. Rats were treated with 50, 400, or 1300 ppm MMA and mice were treated with 10, 50, 200, or 400 ppm MMA based on preliminary short-term studies. The highest dose in the male and female rat(More)
Mutations in the dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) gene cause a combined immunodeficiency usually diagnosed as autosomal recessive hyper IgE syndrome. We sought to reveal the varying manifestations in patients with a unique mutation in DOCK8 gene by a retrospective medical record review. Ten patients from five consanguineous families and three tribes were(More)
Inorganic arsenic (iAs) at high exposures is a human carcinogen, affecting mainly the urinary bladder, lung and skin. We present an assessment of the mode of action (MOA) of iAs's carcinogenicity based on the United States Environmental Protection Agency/International Programme on Chemical Safety (USEPA/IPCS) framework, focusing primarily on bladder cancer.(More)
BACKGROUND Nonresponsive acute otitis media (NR-AOM) is reported in > 10% of children with AOM treated with antibiotics. Drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae is currently considered the leading cause of antibiotic failures in AOM. Nasopharyngeal colonization with S. pneumoniae was found to increase significantly during episodes of AOM. OBJECTIVES To(More)
Tetrahymena pyriformis, strain HSM, do not have glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase or 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, but contain transaldolase, transketolase, ribose 5-phosphate isomerase, ribulose-5-phosphate 3-epimerase, and ribokinase. The nonoxidative enzymes of the pentose phosphate shunt function in metabolism as indicated by the incorporation of(More)