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The genes involved in the transformation of kidney blastema cells were searched for in avian nephroblastomas induced by the MAV2 retrovirus. The twist gene was identified as a common site of provirus integration in tumor cells. Twist was rearranged by the MAV2 provirus in three out of 76 independent nephroblastoma samples. The MAV2 integration sites were(More)
Gene deregulation is a frequent cause of malignant transformation. Alteration of the gene structure and/or expression leading to cellular transformation and tumor growth can be experimentally achieved by insertion of the retroviral genome into the host DNA. Retrovirus-containing host loci found repeatedly in clonal tumors are called common viral integration(More)
A tumor cell is formed when a critical amount of endogenous and/or exogenous tumorigenic stimuli is exceeded. We have shown that the transient presence of nontumorigenic stray cells in tissues of experimental animals that contain cells with a subcritical set of genetic mutations can act as a tumor-promoting stimulus. To induce somatic mutations in all(More)
Expression of major cytochrome P450 forms (P450) was followed in preparation of purified hematopoietic CD34+ stem and progenitor cells. Levels of transcripts as well as mature proteins were traced by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and by Northern and Western blotting. P450 1B1 and P450 2E1 proteins and respective mRNAs were found in all(More)
Previous studies have shown that treatment of avian reticuloendotheliosis virus-transformed RECC-UTC4-1 (C4-1) lymphoblastoid cells with 10 microg/ml (18.8 microM) of RRR-alpha-tocopheryl succinate (vitamin E succinate, VES) for 3 days induced approximately 50% of the cells to undergo apoptosis. Elevated and prolonged expression of c-jun mRNA and protein(More)
Multipotential neural crest cells (NCCs) originate by an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) during vertebrate embryogenesis. We show for the first time that the key hematopoietic factor c-Myb is synthesized in early chick embryos including the neural tissue and participates in the regulation of the trunk NCCs. A reduction of endogenous c-Myb protein(More)
Using Southern hybridization with a series of probes derived from the MAV provirus we searched for structurally changed MAV-2 proviruses in the DNA from MAV-2-induced nephroblastomas. Anomalous fragments of MAV-2 provirus were found in all samples analysed in more detail. Comparison of the sizes of anomalous fragments detected by different probes in the(More)
The development of red blood cells from hematopoietic progenitors requires the interplay of specific extracellular factors and transcriptional regulators. Here we have identified an erythroid progenitor that is critically dependent on bFGF and requires expression of AMV v-Myb for sustained proliferation in vitro, indicating that bFGF and Myb proteins(More)
We have analyzed transmission of (LTR, v-src, LTR) cryptic structure integrated in the H-19 mammalian tumor cell line. From this cell line different isolates of transforming virus were rescued in heterokaryons produced by fusion with chicken fibroblasts infected by replication-competent avian leukosis virus RAV-1. One of them (F6) was used for the(More)
The myofibroblast is a mesenchymal cell characterized by synthesis of the extracellular matrix, plus contractile and secretory activities. Myofibroblasts participate in physiological tissue repair, but can also cause devastating fibrosis. They are present in the tumor stroma of carcinomas and contribute to tumor growth and spreading. As myofibroblasts(More)