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Centrioles are 9-fold symmetrical structures at the core of centrosomes and base of cilia whose dysfunction has been linked to a wide range of inherited diseases and cancer. Their duplication is regulated by a protein kinase of conserved structure, the C. elegans ZYG-1 or its Polo-like kinase 4 (Plk4) counterpart in other organisms. Although Plk4's(More)
Centromeres provide a region of chromatin upon which kinetochores are assembled in mitosis. Centromeric protein C (CENP-C) is a core component of this centromeric chromatin that, when depleted, prevents the proper formation of both centromeres and kinetochores. CENP-C localizes to centromeres throughout the cell cycle via its C-terminal part, whereas its(More)
mRNA 5'-cap recognition by the eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF4E has been exhaustively characterized with the aid of a novel fluorometric, time-synchronized titration method, and X-ray crystallography. The association constant values of recombinant eIF4E for 20 different cap analogues cover six orders of magnitude; with the highest affinity(More)
Several studies focusing on elucidating the mechanism of NO (nitric oxide) signalling in plant cells have highlighted that its biological effects are partly mediated by protein kinases. The identity of these kinases and details of how NO modulates their activities, however, remain poorly investigated. In the present study, we have attempted to clarify the(More)
Matrix vesicles (MVs), released by budding from apical microvilli of osteoblasts during bone formation and development, are involved in the initiation of mineralization by promoting the formation of hydroxyapatite in their lumen. To gain additional insights into MV biogenesis and functions, MVs and apical microvilli were co-isolated from mineralizing(More)
To the search of new colon tumor biomarkers in the transition from normal colon (NC) mucosa to adenoma (AD) and adenocarcinoma (AC), we integrated microarray data with the results of a high-throughput proteomic workflow. In proteomic study, we used a modified isoelectric focusing protocol on strips with an immobilized pH gradient to separate peptides(More)
Metazoan histone mRNAs end in a highly conserved stem-loop structure followed by ACCCA. Previous studies have suggested that the stem-loop binding protein (SLBP) is the only protein binding this region. Using RNA affinity purification, we identified a second protein, designated 3'hExo, that contains a SAP and a 3' exonuclease domain and binds the same(More)
Matrix vesicles (MVs) are extracellular organelles that initiate mineral formation, accumulating inorganic phosphate (P(i)) and calcium leading to the formation of hydroxyapatite (HA) crystals, the main mineral component of bones. MVs are produced during bone formation, as well as during the endochondral calcification of cartilage. MVs are released into the(More)
SGT1 (Suppressor of G2 allele of SKP1) is required to maintain plant disease Resistance (R) proteins with Nucleotide-Binding (NB) and Leucine-Rich Repeat (LRR) domains in an inactive but signaling-competent state. SGT1 is an integral component of a multi-protein network that includes RACK1, Rac1, RAR1, Rboh, HSP90 and HSP70, and in rice the(More)