Michail Tonkonogi

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Regulation of mitochondrial respiration in situ in the muscle cells was studied by using fully permeabilized muscle fibers and cardiomyocytes. The results show that the kinetics of regulation of mitochondrial respiration in situ by exogenous ADP are very different from the kinetics of its regulation by endogenous ADP. In cardiac and m. soleus fibers(More)
Muscle oxidative function has been investigated in subjects with various training status (VO2 max, 41-72 mL O2 kg-1 body wt min-1, n = 10). Mitochondria were isolated from biopsies taken from m. vastus lateralis. Maximal mitochondrial oxygen consumption (QO2) and ATP production (MAPR) were measured with polarographic and bioluminometric techniques,(More)
Muscle adaptation to endurance training involves qualitative changes in intrinsic properties of mitochondria. After training, the ADP sensitivity of miitochondrion is decreased whereas the effect of creatine on respiration is increased. This results in an improved control of aerobic energy production. Acute exercise does not adversely affect mitochondrial(More)
We tested the hypothesis that reducing hydrogen ion accumulation during training would result in greater improvements in muscle oxidative capacity and time to exhaustion (TTE). Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to one of three groups (CON, PLA, and BIC). CON served as a sedentary control, whereas PLA ingested water and BIC ingested sodium bicarbonate(More)
We tested the hypothesis that the respiratory function of skeletal muscle mitochondria is impaired by lactic acidosis and elevated concentrations of P(i). The rate of respiration of chemically skinned fiber bundles from rat soleus muscle was measured at [P(i)] (brackets denote concentration) and pH values similar to those at rest (3 mM P(i), pH 7.0) and(More)
The adaptation of muscle oxidative function to 6 weeks of endurance cycle training was investigated in eight untrained subjects. Peak oxygen consumption ( $$\dot VO_{2peak}$$ ) increased by 24% (2.69±0.21 versus 3.34±0.30 l O2 min–1, mean ±SEM, P<0.01) and lactate threshold intensity increased by 53% (121±13 versus 185±15 W, P<0.01) following the training(More)
Mitochondrial proteins such as uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3) and adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT) may mediate back-leakage of protons and serve as uncouplers of oxidative phosphorylation. We hypothesized that UCP3 and ANT increase after prolonged exercise and/or endurance training, resulting in increased uncoupled respiration (UCR). Subjects were(More)
Limitations in energy supply is a classical hypothesis of muscle fatigue. The present paper reviews the evidence available from human studies that energy deficiency is an important factor in fatigue. The maximal rate of energy expenditure determined in skinned fibres is close to the rate of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) utilisation observed in vivo and data(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of eccentric exercise on muscle oxidative function. METHODS Thirteen subjects performed high-intensity eccentric cycling for 30 min. Muscle oxidative function in vastus lateralis was evaluated by measurements of respiration in permeabilized muscle fibers (skinned fibers) and from the kinetics(More)