Michail Pappas

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Viable Leishmania promastigotes and amastigotes were detected by epifluorescence microscopy with fluorescein diacetate being used to mark living parasites and the nucleic acid-binding compound ethidium bromide to stain dead cells. This procedure is superior to other assays because it is faster and detects viable intracellular as well as extracellular(More)
A micro enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay utilizing antigen dotted onto nitrocellulose filter discs (Dot-ELISA) was developed for the rapid diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis. Leishmania donovani promastigotes applied to filter discs in volumes of 1 microliter were placed in 96-well microtiter plates, blocked with bovine serum albumin, then incubated with(More)
Physical and chemical changes can degrade the visual color appearance of old paintings. Five digital color restoration techniques, which can be used to simulate the original appearance of paintings, are presented. Although a small number of color samples is employed in the restoration procedure, simulation results indicate that good restoration quality can(More)
Leishmania braziliensis panamensis promastigotes, temperature-induced in vitro-cultivated amastigotes, Vero cell-derived amastigotes, and rodent lesion-derived amastigotes were evaluated as antigens in the indirect immunofluorescent antibody (IFA) test for American cutaneous leishmaniasis. Test sensitivity was determined using sera from 34 U.S. soldiers(More)
The dot enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Dot-ELISA) was compared to the microscopic agglutination test (MA test) for the diagnosis of human leptospirosis. Of 177 sera from 68 soldiers who trained in the Republic of Panama, 102 sera were positive in the MA test and 93 of these sera were positive in the IgM-specific Dot-ELISA. Incidence of infection was 50(More)
We studied the serodiagnosis of human hydatid disease using the dot-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (dot-ELISA) and the indirect hemagglutination assay (IHA). Hydatid cyst fluid antigens from sheep were highly reactive against a battery of positive human sera. Moose-derived antigen was less reactive, whereas human- and camel-derived antigens showed(More)
Many old paintings suffer from the effects of certain physicochemical phenomena , that can seriously degrade their overall visual appearance.Digital image processing techniques can be utilized for the purpose of restoring the original appearance of a painting, with minimal physical interaction with the painting surface. In this paper, a number of methods(More)
Eleven mouse strains were inoculated in footpads with amastigotes of Leishmania tropica and observed for 12 weeks. Liver and spleen impression smears from infected mice were examined for the presence of intracellular parasites. Four strains (BALB/cJ, C57L/J, NZW/N, and P/J) failed to heal the subcutaneous lesion and showed evidence of systemic infection;(More)