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Siderophores are extracellular iron-binding compounds that mediate iron transport into many cells. We present evidence of analogous molecules for copper transport from methane-oxidizing bacteria, represented here by a small fluorescent chromopeptide (C45N12O14H62Cu, 1216 daltons) produced by Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b. The crystal structure of this(More)
The main targets of our investigation were cytochrome P450 isozymes (P450), the key enzymes of the hepatic drug-metabolizing system. Current research approaches to the identification of individual P450 forms include specific P450 inhibitors or substrates, antibody-based identification, and mRNA-based expression profiling. All of these approaches suffer from(More)
The omega-hydroxylation of fatty acids by certain cytochrome P450 enzymes shows a degree of chain-length and regionspecificity which is remarkable in view of the conformational flexibility of these substrates, the strong similarity in properties among homologs, and the lack of polar groups (other than the carboxy terminus) with which to guide and strength(More)
A series of omega-substituted fatty acids with potential heme-coordinating groups was synthesized as inhibitors of lauric acid omega-hydroxylation. The compounds were evaluated using liver microsomes from clofibrate (CF)-induced rats and an engineered expressed CYP4A1-derived fusion protein called f4A1. omega-Imidazolyl-decanoic acid (compound 11) and(More)
A novel matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry method has been developed to quantitate cytochrome P450 (P450) isozymes based on their unique isozyme-specific tryptic peptides. It was shown that the molar ratio of P450 isozyme-specific peptides is linearly proportional to the mass peak area ratio of(More)
Ethoxyresorufin (EROD) and pentoxyresorufin (PROD) O-dealkylase activities, and contributions of the P450 cytochromes CYP1A1, CYP2B1 and 2, CYP2C6 and CYP2C12 to these metabolic activities, were evaluated in hepatic microsomes from ad libitum and calorie restricted female Fischer 344 rats across an age continuum from 1 to 26 months. The presence of CYP1A in(More)
Age-related protein nitration was studied in skeletal muscle of Fisher 344 and Fisher 344/Brown Norway (BN) F1 rats by a proteomic approach. Proteins from young (4 months) and old (24 months) Fisher 344 rats and young (6 months) and old (34 months) Fisher 344/BN F1 animals were separated by 2-D gel electrophoresis. Western blot showed an age-related(More)
Cadherin is a cell adhesion molecule crucial for epithelial and endothelial cell monolayer integrity. The previously solved x-ray crystallographic structure of the E-CAD12 cis-dimer displayed an unpaired Cys(9), which protruded away from the Cys(9) on the other protomer. To investigate the possible biological function of Cys(9) within the first repeat (the(More)
This is the first report of an application of collisionally induced fragmentation of amino acids (AA) and their derivatives by MALDI TOF/TOF tandem mass spectrometry (MS). In this work, we collected the data on high-energy fragmentation reactions of a large group of protonated amino acids and their derivatives with the goal of determining which product ions(More)
Methanobactin is an extracellular, copper-binding chromopeptide from the methane-oxidizing bacterium, Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b, believed to be involved in copper detoxification, sequestration, and uptake. Although small (1217.2 Da), methanobactin possesses a complex three-dimensional macrocyclic structure with several unusual moieties. The molecule(More)