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Aleuria aurantia lectin is a fungal protein composed of two identical 312-amino acid subunits that specifically recognizes fucosylated glycans. The crystal structure of the lectin complexed with fucose reveals that each monomer consists of a six-bladed beta-propeller fold and of a small antiparallel two-stranded beta-sheet that plays a role in dimerization.(More)
Fold recognition was applied to the systematic analysis of the all sequences encoded by the genome of Mycoplasma tuberculosis H37Rv in order to identify new putative glycosyltransferases. The search was conducted against a library composed of all known crystal structures of glycosyltransferases and some related proteins. A clear relationship appeared(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa galactose- and fucose-binding lectins (PA-IL and PA-IIL) contribute to the virulence of this pathogenic bacterium, which is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis patients. The crystal structure of PA-IIL in complex with fucose reveals a tetrameric structure. Each monomer displays a nine-stranded, antiparallel(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a frequently encountered pathogen that is involved in acute and chronic lung infections. Lectin-mediated bacterium-cell recognition and adhesion are critical steps in initiating P. aeruginosa pathogenesis. This study was designed to evaluate the contributions of LecA and LecB to the pathogenesis of P. aeruginosa-mediated acute lung(More)
Plant pathogens, like animal ones, use protein-carbohydrate interactions in their strategy for host recognition, attachment, and invasion. The bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum, which is distributed worldwide and causes lethal wilt in many agricultural crops, was shown to produce a potent L-fucose-binding lectin, R. solanacearum lectin, a small protein of 90(More)
The opportunistic human pathogen Psuedomonas aeruginosa produces two lectins in close association with virulence factors: PA-IL adn PA-IIL, which bind to galactose- and fucose/mannose-containing glycoconjugates, respectively. We review here the structural aspects of these lectins relative to their putative roles in host recognition, cell surface adhesion(More)
Carbohydrate-receptor interactions are an integral part of biological events. They play an important role in many cellular processes, such as cell-cell adhesion, cell differentiation and in-cell signaling. Carbohydrates can interact with a receptor by using several types of intermolecular interactions. One of the most important is the interaction of a(More)
The structural diversity of bacterial and fungal lectins has been highlighted during the past few years. Some of the new structures reproduce folds previously observed in plants or mammals, but many constitute new folds that have never been observed before, either at all or not with a lectin function, testifying to the increasing diversity. The novelty of(More)
The design of multivalent glycoconjugates has been developed over the past decades to obtain high-affinity ligands for lectin receptors. While multivalency frequently increases the affinity of a ligand for its lectin through the so-called "glycoside cluster effect", the binding profiles towards different lectins have been much less investigated. We have(More)
The immune mechanisms that recognize inhaled Aspergillus fumigatus conidia to promote their elimination from the lungs are incompletely understood. FleA is a lectin expressed by Aspergillus fumigatus that has twelve binding sites for fucosylated structures that are abundant in the glycan coats of multiple plant and animal proteins. The role of FleA is(More)