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Malate plays a central role in plant metabolism. It is an intermediate in the Krebs and glyoxylate cycles, it is the store for CO2 in C4 and crassulacean acid metabolism plants, it protects plants from aluminum toxicity, it is essential for maintaining the osmotic pressure and charge balance, and it is therefore involved in regulation of stomatal aperture.(More)
In previous experiments it was shown that Castor-bean (Ricinus communis) endosperm releases carbohydrates, amino acids and nucleoside derivatives, which are subsequently imported into the developing cotyledons (Kombrink and Beevers in Plant Physiol 73:370–376, 1983). To investigate the importance of the most prominent nucleoside adenosine for the metabolism(More)
Research on metabolism of nucleotides and their derivatives has gained increasing interest in the recent past. This includes de novo synthesis, analysis of salvage pathways, breakdown and transport of nucleotides, nucleosides and nucleobases. To perform a further step towards the analysis of nucleoside transport in Arabidopsis, we incubated leaf discs with(More)
Nucleoside degradation and salvage are important metabolic pathways but hardly understood in plants. Recent work on human pathogenic protozoans like Leishmania and Trypanosoma substantiates an essential function of nucleosidase activity. Plant nucleosidases are related to those from protozoans and connect the pathways of nucleoside degradation and salvage.(More)
The fluorouridine insensitive 1 (fur1) locus in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. has previously been identified in a screen for growth resistance towards the toxic compound fluorouridine. Mutation of this locus by ethylmethane sulfonate (EMS) allows mutants to grow on this uridine analogue. We identified that the A. thaliana equilibrative nucleoside(More)
The metabolism of nitrogen-rich nucleosides in Arabidopsis seedlings was investigated at the level of import and subsequent salvage or degradation. Uptake and fate of nucleosides imported by equilibrative nucleoside transporter 3 (ENT3) was analysed and, furthermore, a comprehensive analysis of the effect of exogenously fed nucleosides at the level of(More)
ENT1 of Arabidopsis thaliana was the first member of the equilibrative nucleoside transporter (ENT) family to be identified in plants and characterized as a cellular, high-affinity nucleoside importer. Evidence is presented here for a tonoplast localization of ENT1 based on proteome data and Western blot analyses. Increased export of adenosine from(More)
BACKGROUND Equilibrative nucleoside transporters (ENTs) facilitate the import of nucleosides and their analogs into cells in a bidirectional, non-concentrative manner. However, in contrast to their name, most characterized plant ENTs act in a concentrative manner. A direct characterization of any ENT protein has been hindered due to difficulties in(More)
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