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Prolonged exposure of human hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) to growth factors for efficient transduction by murine oncoretroviral vectors has major detrimental effects on repopulating activity. In this study, we have used a vesicular stomatitis virus G envelope protein (VSV-G)-pseudotyped human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) lentiviral-based vector(More)
The NK-like family of homeobox genes includes TLX1, TLX3 and NKX2-5, which are ectopically activated in distinct subsets of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cells. Here we analysed their effect on the miR-17-92 cluster overexpressed in several types of cancer, including T-ALL. The pri-miR-17-92 polycistron encodes micro-RNAs (miRNAs), which(More)
AIMS Mice with a cardiomyocyte (CM)-restricted knockout of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3-KO) develop spontaneous heart failure. We investigated the impact of STAT3-mediated regulation of microRNAs for pathophysiological alterations in the heart. METHODS AND RESULTS MicroRNAchip and qRT-PCR analysis revealed elevated cardiac(More)
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a life-threatening pregnancy-associated cardiomyopathy in previously healthy women. Although PPCM is driven in part by the 16-kDa N-terminal prolactin fragment (16K PRL), the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. We found that 16K PRL induced microRNA-146a (miR-146a) expression in ECs, which attenuated(More)
Anticancer therapies, such as targeting of STAT3 or the use of anthracyclins (doxorubicin), can induce cardiomyopathy. In mice prone to developing heart failure as a result of reduced cardiac STAT3 expression (cardiomyocyte-restricted deficiency of STAT3) or treatment with doxorubicin, we observed impaired endothelial differentiation capacity of Sca-1(+)(More)
Many members of the nearly 200-strong homeobox gene family have been implicated in cancer, mostly following ectopic expression. In this study we analyzed homeobox gene expression in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) cell lines. Both reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using degenerate primers and microarray profiling identified consistently(More)
The improvement of gene transfer efficiency in growth-arrested cells using human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-derived vectors led to the development of vectors derived from other members of the lentivirus family. Here we report the generation of a lentiviral vector derived from the apathogenic molecular virus clone SIVagm3mc of the simian(More)
Receptor tyrosine kinase-mediated signaling is tightly regulated by a number of cytoplasmic signaling molecules. In this report, we show that Bcr-Abl transformed chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cell lines, K562 and Meg-01, express the receptor for nerve growth factor (NGF), TrkA, on the cell surface; however, the NGF-mediated signal is not particularly(More)
Aberrant micro RNA (miRNA) expression has been described in human malignancies including B-cell lymphomas. We here report BCR-ABL- and c-MYC-dependent regulation of miRNA expression in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) using microarray analysis (miCHIP) and miRNA-specific quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (miR-qRT-PCR). In(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with myocardial infarction, high serum levels of interleukin-6 cytokines predict a poor outcome. The common receptor of interleukin-6 cytokines, glycoprotein-130 (gp130), signals via janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT), cytoplasmic protein tyrosine phosphatase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase, and(More)