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Prolonged exposure of human hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) to growth factors for efficient transduction by murine oncoretroviral vectors has major detrimental effects on repopulating activity. In this study, we have used a vesicular stomatitis virus G envelope protein (VSV-G)-pseudotyped human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) lentiviral-based vector(More)
Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) were designed to target the bcr-abl oncogene, which causes chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and bcr-abl-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Chemically synthesized anti-bcr-abl siRNAs were selected using reporter gene constructs and were found to reduce bcr-abl mRNA up to 87% in bcr-abl-positive cell lines and in(More)
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a life-threatening pregnancy-associated cardiomyopathy in previously healthy women. Although PPCM is driven in part by the 16-kDa N-terminal prolactin fragment (16K PRL), the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. We found that 16K PRL induced microRNA-146a (miR-146a) expression in ECs, which attenuated(More)
Aberrant micro RNA (miRNA) expression has been described in human malignancies including B-cell lymphomas. We here report BCR-ABL- and c-MYC-dependent regulation of miRNA expression in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) using microarray analysis (miCHIP) and miRNA-specific quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (miR-qRT-PCR). In(More)
Many members of the nearly 200-strong homeobox gene family have been implicated in cancer, mostly following ectopic expression. In this study we analyzed homeobox gene expression in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) cell lines. Both reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using degenerate primers and microarray profiling identified consistently(More)
The NK-like family of homeobox genes includes TLX1, TLX3 and NKX2-5, which are ectopically activated in distinct subsets of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cells. Here we analysed their effect on the miR-17-92 cluster overexpressed in several types of cancer, including T-ALL. The pri-miR-17-92 polycistron encodes micro-RNAs (miRNAs), which(More)
AIMS Mice with a cardiomyocyte (CM)-restricted knockout of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3-KO) develop spontaneous heart failure. We investigated the impact of STAT3-mediated regulation of microRNAs for pathophysiological alterations in the heart. METHODS AND RESULTS MicroRNAchip and qRT-PCR analysis revealed elevated cardiac(More)
Micro RNAs (miRNA) regulate gene expression by hybridization and recruitment of multi-protein complexes to complementary mRNA target sequences. miRNA function can transiently be antagonized by antagomirs-chemically modified oligonucleotides complementary to individual miRNAs. Here, we describe the induction of stable loss-of-function phenotypes for specific(More)
Anticancer therapies, such as targeting of STAT3 or the use of anthracyclins (doxorubicin), can induce cardiomyopathy. In mice prone to developing heart failure as a result of reduced cardiac STAT3 expression (cardiomyocyte-restricted deficiency of STAT3) or treatment with doxorubicin, we observed impaired endothelial differentiation capacity of Sca-1(+)(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) mediates sequence-specific posttranscriptional gene silencing triggered by double-stranded RNA. RNAi is an effective tool for functional genomics in C. elegans, whereas biochemical characteristics of RNAi hamper its use in mammalian cells. We here analyze kinetic and quantitative aspects of mammalian RNAi in different cell lines(More)