Michaela Schaefer

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Cachexia represents a fatal energy-wasting syndrome in a large number of patients with cancer that mostly results in a pathological loss of skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. Here we show that tumor cell exposure and tumor growth in mice triggered a futile energy-wasting cycle in cultured white adipocytes and white adipose tissue (WAT), respectively.(More)
We here investigate the crosstalk of PKC and PKA signaling during primary CD3(+) T-lymphocyte activation using pharmacologic inhibitors and activators in combination with our established panel of PKC isotype-deficient mouse T cells in vitro. PKCtheta and PKA inversely affect the CD3/CD28-induced IL-2 expression, whereas other PKC isotypes are dispensable in(More)
In mammals, proper storage and distribution of lipids in and between tissues is essential for the maintenance of energy homeostasis. Here, we show that tumour growth triggers hepatic metabolic dysfunction as part of the cancer cachectic phenotype, particularly by reduced hepatic very-low-density-lipoprotein (VLDL) secretion and hypobetalipoproteinemia. As a(More)
OBJECTIVES Cancer cachexia affects the majority of tumor patients and significantly contributes to high mortality rates in these subjects. Despite its clinical importance, the identity of tumor-borne signals and their impact on specific peripheral organ systems, particularly the heart, remain mostly unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS By combining differential(More)
A549 cells constitutively expressed IL-15 mRNA which could be upregulated by stimulation with TNF-alpha- or IL-1beta. Constitutive and induced levels of IL-15 mRNA were not decreased in the presence of 10- 6 M dexamethasone. Control experiments revealed that 10- 6 M dexamethasone inhibited the TNF-alpha- or IL-1beta-mediated increase of IL-8 mRNA in A549(More)
Immature dendritic cells (DC) represent potential clinical tools for tolerogenic cellular immunotherapy in both transplantation and autoimmunity. A major drawback in vivo is their potential to mature during infections or inflammation, which would convert their tolerogenicity into immunogenicity. The generation of immature DC from human bone marrow (BM) by(More)
Disturbances in lipid homeostasis are hallmarks of severe metabolic disorders and their long-term complications, including obesity, diabetes, and atherosclerosis. Whereas elevation of triglyceride (TG)-rich very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) has been identified as a risk factor for cardiovascular complications, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated(More)
Equine dendritic cells (eqDC) can be generated from peripheral blood monocytes by propagation in GM-CSF and IL-4. Despite similarities with the generation of human DC, we found significant improvements for eqDC generation and functional influences on eqDC maturation. The fractionation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) by two subsequent gradients(More)
SAR studies were performed on a series of 2-arylamido-5,7-dihydro-4H-thieno[2,3-c]pyran-3-carboxamide derivatives as cannabinoid receptor agonists. Starting from a HTS hit both potency and selectivity could be improved. Modifications to the thiophene fusion and C-3 amides were studied. A representative compound 3t produced analgesia when dosed orally in(More)
The biosynthesis of the functional, endogenous cyclic AMP antagonist, prostaglandylinositol cyclic phosphate (cyclic PIP) is performed by the plasma membrane-bound enzyme cyclic PIP synthase, which combines prostaglandin E (PGE) and activated inositol phosphate (n-IP) to cyclic PIP. The Km values of the enzyme for the substrates PGE and n-IP are in the(More)
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