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BACKGROUND Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) have to be active participants in their treatment because they are inevitably responsible for their own day-to-day-care. Availability of mobile Internet access is advancing rapidly and mobile phones are now widely available at low cost. Thus, mobile phones have the potential to assist in daily diabetes(More)
Oxytocin is a hormone and neurotransmitter found to have anti-inflammatory functions in rodents. Here we used experimental bacterial endotoxinemia to examine the role of exogenous oxytocin administration on innate immune responses in humans. Ten healthy men received, in a randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover design, placebo, oxytocin, LPS, and LPS +(More)
BACKGROUND Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) is a stress-responsive cytokine linked to obesity comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, inflammation, and cancer. GDF-15 also has adipokine properties and recently emerged as a prognostic biomarker for cardiovascular events. METHODS We evaluated the relationship of plasma GDF-15 concentrations(More)
Chemosensory dysfunction has been reported in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). However, the clinical significance in relation to the disease stage remains unclear. The aim of this investigation was to assess olfactory and gustatory function with valid clinical tests in patients with DM types 1 and 2 with and without accompanying diseases. Seventy-six(More)
CONTEXT Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional protein involved in bone metabolism, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity. OPN levels are elevated in the plasma and adipose tissue of obese subjects, and are decreased with diet-induced weight loss. OBJECTIVE We investigated the effect of bariatric surgery on plasma OPN concentrations in morbidly(More)
CONTEXT Ghrelin is a gut hormone with a highly preserved biological activity, which seems not to be restricted to the regulation of food intake, body composition, and growth. Continuous research is unraveling new properties of ghrelin, among others cardiovascular and antiinflammatory activities. Ghrelin is recently implicated in the host response to(More)
Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a vasoactive peptide found to be related to obesity and its comorbidities: type 2 diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, and coronary heart disease. ADM is increased both in plasma and in adipose tissue of obese individuals when compared to lean subjects and is considered as a member of the adipokine family. We determined plasma(More)
It has been reported that hypophysectomized rats exhibit normochromic, normocytic anaemia. Pancytopenia with impaired DNA synthesis in the bone marrow can be restored in these hypophysectomized rats by syngeneic pituitary grafts placed under the kidney capsule or treatment with growth hormone (GH). Until now, adults with hypopituitarism have received(More)
Hormonal dysfunction involving the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, prolactin (PRL) secretion and sex hormone status has been supposed to contribute to the development or persistence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In addition, a reduced number of glucocorticoid receptors on circulating lymphocytes has been found in patients with RA. However, so far(More)
BACKGROUND Malnutrition is common in chronic hemodialysis patients and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Several factors such as metabolic acidosis, hyperparathyroidism, and insulin as well as growth hormone (GH) resistance may lead to enhanced protein catabolism. Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) has been proposed as treatment of(More)