Learn More
BACKGROUND Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) have to be active participants in their treatment because they are inevitably responsible for their own day-to-day-care. Availability of mobile Internet access is advancing rapidly and mobile phones are now widely available at low cost. Thus, mobile phones have the potential to assist in daily diabetes(More)
BACKGROUND Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) is a stress-responsive cytokine linked to obesity comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, inflammation, and cancer. GDF-15 also has adipokine properties and recently emerged as a prognostic biomarker for cardiovascular events. METHODS We evaluated the relationship of plasma GDF-15 concentrations(More)
Oxytocin is a hormone and neurotransmitter found to have anti-inflammatory functions in rodents. Here we used experimental bacterial endotoxinemia to examine the role of exogenous oxytocin administration on innate immune responses in humans. Ten healthy men received, in a randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover design, placebo, oxytocin, LPS, and LPS +(More)
Animals with severe spinal traumas show paraplegic syndrome and various somatic and autonomic dysfunctions. Of the various dysfunctions those related to hypothermia, bladder problems, and autophagia are of serious nature. The condition of animals with these complications deteriorates rapidly, and the animals are sacrificed for histological and pathological(More)
Circulating levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and NH(2)-terminal-proBNP (NT-proBNP) increase in response to volume overload and help in the differential diagnosis of acute heart failure. Elevated plasma BNP levels are observed also in sepsis and do not always correspond to left ventricular dysfunction. Here, we investigated plasma NT-proBNP(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY) are both hormones derived from the gastrointestinal tract involved in appetite regulation. The cholinergic part of the vagal nerve is involved in the regulation of glucose and insulin. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the cholinergic antagonist atropine on ghrelin, PYY, glucose, and insulin under(More)
AIMS This study evaluated the predictive value of NT-proBNP for patients with diabetes mellitus and compared the prognostic aptitude of this neurohumoral marker to traditional markers of cardiovascular events. METHODS AND RESULTS A prospective observational study was conducted in 631 diabetic patients. The composite endpoint consisted of unplanned(More)
OBJECTIVES Ertapenem pharmacokinetics were determined in the interstitium of healthy tissue and of infected tissue of patients suffering from diabetic foot infections, to evaluate if antibiotic concentrations at the target site are sufficient to achieve bacterial killing. PATIENTS AND METHODS Nine patients with diabetic foot infections received 1 g of(More)
BACKGROUND To analyze whether medical care is in accordance with guidelines for secondary prevention of myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke in patients with type 2 diabetes from Germany and Austria. METHODS 29,325 patients (≥ 20 years of age) with type 2 diabetes and MI, or stroke, documented between 2006 and 2015 were selected from the(More)