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BACKGROUND Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) have to be active participants in their treatment because they are inevitably responsible for their own day-to-day-care. Availability of mobile Internet access is advancing rapidly and mobile phones are now widely available at low cost. Thus, mobile phones have the potential to assist in daily diabetes(More)
Chemosensory dysfunction has been reported in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). However, the clinical significance in relation to the disease stage remains unclear. The aim of this investigation was to assess olfactory and gustatory function with valid clinical tests in patients with DM types 1 and 2 with and without accompanying diseases. Seventy-six(More)
BACKGROUND Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) is a stress-responsive cytokine linked to obesity comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, inflammation, and cancer. GDF-15 also has adipokine properties and recently emerged as a prognostic biomarker for cardiovascular events. METHODS We evaluated the relationship of plasma GDF-15 concentrations(More)
CONTEXT Ghrelin is a gut hormone with a highly preserved biological activity, which seems not to be restricted to the regulation of food intake, body composition, and growth. Continuous research is unraveling new properties of ghrelin, among others cardiovascular and antiinflammatory activities. Ghrelin is recently implicated in the host response to(More)
It has been reported that hypophysectomized rats exhibit normochromic, normocytic anaemia. Pancytopenia with impaired DNA synthesis in the bone marrow can be restored in these hypophysectomized rats by syngeneic pituitary grafts placed under the kidney capsule or treatment with growth hormone (GH). Until now, adults with hypopituitarism have received(More)
BACKGROUND Malnutrition is common in chronic hemodialysis patients and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Several factors such as metabolic acidosis, hyperparathyroidism, and insulin as well as growth hormone (GH) resistance may lead to enhanced protein catabolism. Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) has been proposed as treatment of(More)
OBJECTIVES Ertapenem pharmacokinetics were determined in the interstitium of healthy tissue and of infected tissue of patients suffering from diabetic foot infections, to evaluate if antibiotic concentrations at the target site are sufficient to achieve bacterial killing. PATIENTS AND METHODS Nine patients with diabetic foot infections received 1 g of(More)
Previous experiments have shown that rat macrophages (M phi) bind specifically sheep erythrocytes (E) coated with various gangliosides (EG). To study the nature of this receptor-like structure, M phi were treated with proteinases, and their capacity to bind EG and/or E was analyzed in a rosette assay. Within 10 min of incubation with appropriate doses of(More)
The binding specificity of rat alveolar macrophages (AM phi) for sheep erythrocytes (E) coated with gangliosides GM1, GM2, GM3, GD1a, GD1b or GT1b was analyzed in a rosette assay by studying the inhibitory effect of gangliosides, various carbohydrates, IgG, C3b-like C3, and fibronectin in this assay. The uptake of gangliosides by E was calculated from(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperuricemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular events and renal insufficiency. It correlates to intima-media thickness and microalbuminuria. In this study we evaluated uric acid as an independent marker for cardiac events in patients with diabetes. METHODS In a prospective observational study we recruited 494 patients with diabetes. Patients(More)