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The runt family transcription factor core-binding factor alpha1 (Cbfa1) is essential for bone formation during development. Surprisingly, transgenic mice overexpressing Cbfa1 under the control of the 2.3-kb collagen type I promoter developed severe osteopenia that increased progressively with age and presented multiple fractures. Analysis of skeletally(More)
Low bone mass and strength lead to fragility fractures, for example, in elderly individuals affected by osteoporosis or children with osteogenesis imperfecta. A decade ago, rare human mutations affecting bone negatively (osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome) or positively (high-bone mass phenotype, sclerosteosis and Van Buchem disease) have been identified(More)
Mutations in distant regulatory elements can have a negative impact on human development and health, yet because of the difficulty of detecting these critical sequences, we predominantly focus on coding sequences for diagnostic purposes. We have undertaken a comparative sequence-based approach to characterize a large noncoding region deleted in patients(More)
UNLABELLED Expression of the osteocyte-derived bone formation inhibitor sclerostin in adult bone requires a distant enhancer. We show that MEF2 transcription factors control this enhancer and mediate inhibition of sclerostin expression by PTH. INTRODUCTION Sclerostin encoded by the SOST gene is a key regulator of bone formation. Lack of SOST expression is(More)
Excess of Vitamin A (retinol) and related compounds (retinoids) induces bone fragility and is associated with increased hip fracture incidence in humans. Yet, their impact on the adult skeleton has been studied in relatively little detail. It is assumed that they induce generalized bone loss and decrease long-bone thickness due to reduction of radial bone(More)
Beta-Catenin-dependent canonical Wnt signaling plays an important role in bone metabolism by controlling differentiation of bone-forming osteoblasts and bone-resorbing osteoclasts. To investigate its function in osteocytes, the cell type constituting the majority of bone cells, we generated osteocyte-specific beta-catenin-deficient mice (Ctnnb1(loxP/loxP);(More)
Intermittently administered parathyroid hormone (PTH) is a potent bone anabolic agent. We aimed to determine the impact of long-term treatment with PTH on bone structure, dynamics, and mineralization. We ovariectomized (ovx) 1-year-old rats with the exception of a baseline and a sham-operated group. Twelve weeks later, a 36 week treatment with PTH analog(More)
We report that a therapeutic dose of the antiresorptive bisphosphonate alendronate administered to skeletally mature rats for the duration of 16 weeks significantly blunted the anabolic response to a high dose SDZ PTS 893 in the tibia and femur but not in lumbar vertebra. Effects were seen at the level of bone mass (DEXA, pQCT) as well as in biomechanical(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) has bone anabolic activity when administered intermittently, affecting cells of the osteoblastic lineage at various stages, yet much remains to be learned about precisely how PTH promotes osteoblastic bone formation. Recent discoveries revealed that PTH causes transcriptional suppression of the osteocyte marker gene SOST, which(More)