Learn More
Low bone mass and strength lead to fragility fractures, for example, in elderly individuals affected by osteoporosis or children with osteogenesis imperfecta. A decade ago, rare human mutations affecting bone negatively (osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome) or positively (high-bone mass phenotype, sclerosteosis and Van Buchem disease) have been identified(More)
Posttranslational modifications play important roles in regulating protein structure and function. Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is a mostly cytoplasmic class II HDAC, which has a unique structure with two catalytic domains and a domain binding ubiquitin with high affinity. This enzyme was recently identified as a multisubstrate protein deacetylase that can(More)
Following tooth loss, the maxillary alveolar ridge is affected by extensive resorption and its cancellous bone substance undergoes intense remodeling processes. This is particularly important for endosseous implant surgery as the primary stability and thus the prognosis of endosseous implants depends on the cancellous bone density and structure of the(More)
The runt family transcription factor core-binding factor alpha1 (Cbfa1) is essential for bone formation during development. Surprisingly, transgenic mice overexpressing Cbfa1 under the control of the 2.3-kb collagen type I promoter developed severe osteopenia that increased progressively with age and presented multiple fractures. Analysis of skeletally(More)
Intermittently administered parathyroid hormone (PTH) is a potent bone anabolic agent. We aimed to determine the impact of long-term treatment with PTH on bone structure, dynamics, and mineralization. We ovariectomized (ovx) 1-year-old rats with the exception of a baseline and a sham-operated group. Twelve weeks later, a 36 week treatment with PTH analog(More)
Excess of Vitamin A (retinol) and related compounds (retinoids) induces bone fragility and is associated with increased hip fracture incidence in humans. Yet, their impact on the adult skeleton has been studied in relatively little detail. It is assumed that they induce generalized bone loss and decrease long-bone thickness due to reduction of radial bone(More)
Sclerostin, an inhibitor of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, has anti-anabolic effects on bone formation by negatively regulating osteoblast differentiation. Mutations in the human sclerostin gene (SOST) lead to sclerosteosis with progressive skeletal overgrowth, whereas sclerostin-deficient (Sost(-/-)) mice exhibit increased bone mass and strength. Therefore,(More)
Mutations in distant regulatory elements can have a negative impact on human development and health, yet because of the difficulty of detecting these critical sequences, we predominantly focus on coding sequences for diagnostic purposes. We have undertaken a comparative sequence-based approach to characterize a large noncoding region deleted in patients(More)
Beta-Catenin-dependent canonical Wnt signaling plays an important role in bone metabolism by controlling differentiation of bone-forming osteoblasts and bone-resorbing osteoclasts. To investigate its function in osteocytes, the cell type constituting the majority of bone cells, we generated osteocyte-specific beta-catenin-deficient mice (Ctnnb1(loxP/loxP);(More)