Michaela Kneissel

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Osteoporosis is a common and severe condition in elderly men, which is poorly characterized. In order to identify the hallmarks of age-related bone loss in the male mammalian skeleton, we studied several aspects of bone structure and metabolism in 23-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats and compared them to 5-month-old animals. Cancellous bone mineral(More)
The runt family transcription factor core-binding factor alpha1 (Cbfa1) is essential for bone formation during development. Surprisingly, transgenic mice overexpressing Cbfa1 under the control of the 2.3-kb collagen type I promoter developed severe osteopenia that increased progressively with age and presented multiple fractures. Analysis of skeletally(More)
Intermittent parathyroid hormone (PTH) treatment is a potent bone anabolic principle that suppresses expression of the bone formation inhibitor Sost. We addressed the relevance of Sost suppression for PTH-induced bone anabolism in vivo using mice with altered Sost gene dosage. Six-month-old Sost overexpressing and 2-month-old Sost deficient male mice and(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) has bone anabolic activity when administered intermittently, affecting cells of the osteoblastic lineage at various stages, yet much remains to be learned about precisely how PTH promotes osteoblastic bone formation. Recent discoveries revealed that PTH causes transcriptional suppression of the osteocyte marker gene SOST, which(More)
Sclerostin is a Wnt signalling antagonist that controls bone metabolism. Sclerostin is expressed by osteocytes and cementocytes; however, its role in the formation of dental structures remains unclear. Here, we analysed the mandibles of sclerostin knockout mice to determine the influence of sclerostin on dental structures and dimensions using(More)
We report that a therapeutic dose of the antiresorptive bisphosphonate alendronate administered to skeletally mature rats for the duration of 16 weeks significantly blunted the anabolic response to a high dose SDZ PTS 893 in the tibia and femur but not in lumbar vertebra. Effects were seen at the level of bone mass (DEXA, pQCT) as well as in biomechanical(More)
BACKGROUND No treatment to date is available which specifically targets bone formation in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Several recent studies have shown that sclerostin (SOST), a Wnt inhibitor specific to osteocytes and chondrocytes, is down-regulated in AS patients. This suggests Wnt signalling may be upregulated, and application of exogenous recombinant(More)
Activating FGFR3 mutations in human result in achondroplasia (ACH), the most frequent form of dwarfism, where cartilages are severely disturbed causing long bones, cranial base and vertebrae defects. Because mandibular development and growth rely on cartilages that guide or directly participate to the ossification process, we investigated the impact of(More)
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