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The rate, concentration dependence and extent of histamine-evoked Weibel-Palade body (WPB) exocytosis were investigated with time-resolved fluorescence microscopy in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells expressing WPB-targeted chimeras of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). Exocytosis of single WPBs was characterized by an increase in EGFP(More)
The mouse corticotrophic tumour cell line AtT-20 naturally synthesizes pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) which is proteolytically processed to N-POMC(1-76), ACTH, beta-lipotrophin and beta-endorphin. The processed products are stored in secretory vesicles and released upon stimulation with specific secretagogues. AtT-20 cells which have been stably transfected(More)
New Zealand is free from equine influenza and has never experienced an incursion in its horse population. As part of New Zealand's preparedness to an incursion of an exotic animal disease, it was considered necessary to select the most accurate test for equine influenza (EI) from the array of those available. Four readily available blocking/competitive(More)
In a consignment of sheep brains from New Zealand, to be used in Europe as negative control material in scrapie rapid screening test evaluations, brain samples from 1 sheep (no. 1512) gave the following initially confusing results in various screening tests: the brainstem repeatedly produced negative results in 2 very similar screening kits (enzyme-linked(More)
AIM To make valid recommendations on the use of serological test methods for the detection of serum antibodies in ruminants against Coxiella burnetii (Q-fever), by comparing the performance of the complement fixation test (CFT) and two ELISA, and by identifying reasons for discrepancies between the test methods. METHODS A total of 73 serum samples from(More)
Release of the endogenous opioid pentapeptide, met-enkephalin, from primary cultures of dissociated fetal rat hypothalamic cells was studied using an assay system which could both measure and differentiate between free met-enkephalin and the larger enkephalin-containing peptides (ECPs), which are the processing intermediates of the enkephalin precursor. The(More)
In New Zealand, an arbovirus surveillance program has been operating for more than 20 years, which includes testing of cattle with the Akabane virus neutralization test. With the aim to replace this laborious test by an easier-to-perform enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), 2 commercial ELISA kits, ELISA-1 from France (originally from Australia) and(More)
AIMS To estimate the number of cases of scrapie that would occur in sheep of different prion protein (PrP) genotypes if scrapie was to become established in New Zealand, and to compare the performance of two commercially available, rapid ELISA kits using ovine retro-pharyngeal lymph nodes (RLN) from non-infected and infected sheep of different PrP(More)
A number of thymic preparations are known to stimulate corticotropin (ACTH) release from pituitary cells but it remains unclear whether this effect is mediated by the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) receptor-associated pathway. We report here that thymosin fraction five (TF5), peptide MB-35 and possibly calf thymus histones can stimulate the release(More)