Michaela Holá

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Genealogies of a line of mammalian epithelial cells (GPK) have been constructed from time-lapse film of monolayer cultures and measurements made of initial (post-divisional) cell size, final (pre-divisional) cell size and interdivision time (IDT). The mean initial cell volume was 2696 +/- 404 (S.D.) micron3, the mean final volume was 5247 +/- 696 micron3(More)
The ring-necked pheasant (Phasianus colchicus L.) is one of the most popular small game species both numerically and economically. Pheasant populations are commonly managed in the Czech Republic in order to maximize their harvest. Game managers need to be aware of the possible effects of different management tools on wild pheasant populations. We used data(More)
We tested the hypothesis that magnetic alignment, a tendency to align the body axis with a certain angle to the field lines of the geomagnetic field, provides direction indicator (the so-called nonsense orientation) also in mammals. We measured alignment of free-ranging (grazing or standing) roe deer and the compass direction of their escape trajectories as(More)
In eukaryotes, the initiation of DNA synthesis requires the assembly of a pre-replicative complex (pre-RC) at origins of replication. This involves the sequential binding of ORC (origin-recognition-complex), Cdc6 and MCM proteins, a process referred to as licensing. After origin firing, the Cdc6 and MCM proteins dissociate from the chromatin, and do not(More)
The 3'-terminal part of RNA1 genome segment of Radish mosaic virus (RaMV) including complete RNA polymerase gene was sequenced. The 207 amino acids long polymerase is matured from a polyprotein precursor by cleavage at putative Q/H site by viral protease. The alignment of available amino acid sequences of RNA polymerase genes of comoviruses revealed a(More)
Pedigrees of cells in eight clones of guinea pig keratocyte (GPK) cells in monolayer culture were analyzed from a time-lapse film. The generation times and the position in the field of observation were recorded up to the sixth generation when the cultures were still subconfluent. Statistical analysis of the results indicates that the position in the culture(More)
Nuclei of multinucleate cells generally initiate DNA synthesis simultaneously, suggesting that the timing of DNA synthesis depends upon the appearance of a cytoplasmic signal. In contrast, intact nuclei from quiescent mammalian cells initiate DNA synthesis asynchronously in cell-free extracts of Xenopus eggs, despite the common environment. Here we show(More)
Demembranated sperm heads, detergent-isolated somatic nuclei and even naked DNA are efficiently replicated in cytoplasmic extracts of activated amphibian eggs, but only after nuclear assembly and the formation of an intact nuclear envelope. DNA synthesis has not previously been shown to be initiated in high-speed (200,000 g) supernatants of egg cytoplasm(More)
Pedigrees of twenty-six clones of a line of keratocytes derived from guinea-pig ear epidermis (GPK cells) were analysed from time-lapse film. The mean interdivision time (IDT) for the culture was 1143 +/- 215 (SD) min. The mean generation rates (mean reciprocal interdivision times) of clones varied over a range of 3.93--10.2 x 10(-4)/min and the standard(More)