Michael van Brederode

Learn More
The photocycle of the photoactive yellow protein (PYP) from Ectothiorhodospira halophila was examined by time-resolved difference absorption spectroscopy in the wavelength range of 300-600 nm. Both time-gated spectra and single wavelength traces were measured. Global analysis of the data established that in the time domain between 5 ns and 2 s only two(More)
It is generally accepted that electron transfer in bacterial photosynthesis is driven by the first singlet excited state of a special pair of bacteriochlorophylls (P*). We have examined the first steps of electron transfer in a mutant of the Rhodobacter sphaeroides reaction center in which charge separation from P* is dramatically slowed down. The results(More)
Absorbance difference kinetics were measured on quinone-reduced membrane-bound wild type Rhodobacter sphaeroides reaction centers in the wavelength region from 690 to 1060 nm using 800 nm excitation. Global analysis of the data revealed five lifetimes of 0.18, 1.9, 5.1, and 22 ps and a long-lived component for the processes that underlie the spectral(More)
A pathway of electron transfer is described that operates in the wild-type reaction center (RC) of the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides. The pathway does not involve the excited state of the special pair dimer of bacteriochlorophylls (P*), but instead is driven by the excited state of the monomeric bacteriochlorophyll (BA*) present in the(More)
The photocycle of the photoactive yellow protein (PYP) isolated from Ectothiorhodospira halophila was analyzed by flash photolysis with absorption detection at low excitation photon densities and by temperature-dependent laser-induced optoacoustic spectroscopy (LIOAS). The quantum yield for the bleaching recovery of PYP, assumed to be identical to that for(More)
Energy transfer and the primary charge separation process are studied as a function of excitation wavelength in membrane-bound reaction centers of Rhodobacter sphaeroides in which the excitonically coupled bacteriochlorophyll homodimer is converted to a bacteriochlorophyll-bacteriopheophytin heterodimer, denoted D [Bylina, E. J., and Youvan, D. C. (1988)(More)
A series of reaction centres bearing mutations at the (Phe) M197 position were constructed in the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides. This residue is adjacent to the pair of bacteriochlorophyll molecules (P(L) and P(M)) that is the primary donor of electrons (P) in photosynthetic light-energy transduction. All of the mutations affected the(More)
The aim of this project was to improve treatment processes and results in acutely ill inpatients within a network of nine psychiatric state hospitals of the Landschaftsverband Rheinland by introducing a benchmarking process. The project was based upon pre-existing measures of quality management. Patient groups were selected that were characterised by a(More)
Two complementary aspects of the thermodynamics of the photoactive yellow protein (PYP), a new type of photoreceptor that has been isolated from Ectothiorhodospira halophila, have been investigated. First, the thermal denaturation of PYP at pH 3.4 has been examined by global analysis of the temperature-induced changes in the UV-VIS absorbance spectrum of(More)
In photosynthetic reaction centers, the excitation with light leads to the formation of a charge separated state across the photosynthetic membrane. For the reaction center of purple non-sulphur bacteria, it was previously generally assumed that this primary charge separation could only start with the excitation of the so-called special pair of(More)