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Spinal cord injury (SCI) often leads to an impairment of the respiratory system. The more rostral the level of injury, the more likely the injury will affect ventilation. In fact, respiratory insufficiency is the number one cause of mortality and morbidity after SCI. This review highlights the progress that has been made in basic and clinical research,(More)
The dramatic fall in heart rate exhibited by mammals entering hibernation begins before there is any noticeable fall in body temperature. The initial, progressive decrease in heart rate is the result of a cyclic parasympathetic activation that induces skipped beats and regular asystoles as well as slows the even heart beat. As body temperature subsequently(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE Hemisection of the cervical spinal cord results in paralysis of the ipsilateral hemidiaphragm. Removal of sensory feedback through cervical dorsal rhizotomy activates latent respiratory motor pathways and restores hemidiaphragm function. Because systemic administration of serotonin 1A receptor (5HT1A) agonists reversed the altered(More)
A simple and rapid procedure for in vivo labeling of red blood cells (RBC) is presented. The labeling is done with two consecutive intravenous injections, first of "cold" stannous pyrophosphate (Sn-PYP) and then of 99mTc-pertechnetate. Experimentally, a lag time of 30 min between the two injections was found to result in a mean RBC labeling of greater than(More)
PURPOSE To determine the maximum-tolerated radiation-absorbed dose (RAD) to critical organs delivered by yttrium-90 ((90)Y) ibritumomab tiuxetan in combination with high-dose carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan (BEAM) chemotherapy with autologous transplantation. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eligible patients had relapsed or refractory CD20+(More)
PURPOSE This open-label, multicenter trial evaluated the efficacy of a mucoadherent, anesthetic medication (MGI 209) for relief from painful oral ulcers associated with cytotoxic chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-eight eligible cancer patients who had up to five discrete oral ulcers (total area < or = 5 cm2) completed this study. Mean age was 53.5(More)
Hemisection of the cervical spinal cord causes paralysis of the ipsilateral hemidiaphragm in adult rats. Activation of a latent crossed phrenic motor pathway can restore diaphragmatic function, although structural changes take place before the pathway can be activated. Since mechanisms are employed to eliminate non-functional projections during development,(More)
Upper cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) alters respiratory output and results in a blunted respiratory response to pH/CO2. Many SCI studies have concentrated on respiratory changes in neural function caudal to injury; however few have examined whether neural plasticity occurs rostral to SCI. Golder et al. (2001a) showed that supraspinal changes occur to(More)
We examined the effect of age, mass and the presence of the pons on the longevity (length of time spontaneous respiratory-related activity is produced) of brainstem-spinal cord preparations of neonatal rodents (rats and hamsters) and the level of oxygenation in the medulla respiratory network in these preparations. We found the longevity of the preparations(More)