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Evidence has been accumulated suggesting that a dysfunction in pain inhibitory systems, i.e. in 'diffuse noxious inhibitory controls' (DNIC)-like mechanisms, might be-amongst other factors-responsible for the development of anatomically generalized chronic pain like fibromyalgia. The aim of the present study was to look for similar impairments in chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is conceived as a disease that implicates dysfunctions in fronto-striatal brain systems. According to this model, performance deficits observed in patients with lesions in these brain areas are hypothesized to be present also in OCD patients. Implicit procedural learning, which refers to the acquisition of(More)
Hyperactivity in the frontal cortex, leading to acceleration of attentional and cognitive processes, is discussed as pathogenetic factor in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), as supported by findings of neuroimaging studies. This dysfunction in patients with OCD could be reflected by the auditory event-related P300 component, since one subcomponent of the(More)
Neuroimaging studies in recent years suggest that cortical hyperactivity associated with more aroused cognitive processes and overfocussed attention is involved in the pathogenesis of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), which was electrophysiologically supported by an own pilot-study in a small sample of stabilized OCD patients. To replicate this first(More)
This review presents an overview of studies investigating white-matter integrity in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). There is increasing evidence for white matter alterations in OCD. In adult patients the majority of all studies reported abnormalities in terms of decreased fractional anisotropy (FA)(More)
Neurophysiological studies in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) consistently revealed frontal alterations of cortical activity but otherwise showed inhomogeneous results, conceivably due to variable subgroups with diverse pathomechanisms involved. The aim of this study was to investigate quantitative electroencephalography (EEG) in patients(More)
Brain monoaminergic function is involved in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders. The loudness dependence (LD) of the N1/P2 component of auditory evoked potentials has been proposed as a noninvasive indicator of central serotonergic function, whereas single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and [123I]beta-CIT can be used to visualize both(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND; Motor function is deficient in many patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), especially in the face. To investigate subtle motor dysfunction, kinematical analysis of emotional facial expressions can be used. Our aim was to investigate facial movements in response to humorous film stimuli in OCD patients. METHOD Kinematical(More)
BACKGROUND A central serotonergic dysfunction is considered to be involved in the pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The aim of this study was to investigate the serotonin transporter availability in patients with OCD as an in vivo marker of the central serotonergic system. METHODS Nine unmedicated (7 drug-naive) patients with OCD and(More)