Michael Yochmowitz

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The estrogen receptor (ER) assay has become a standard practice in the management of advanced breast cancer. Tumors lacking ER respond infrequently to endocrine therapy, whereas response rates of 50 to 60 percent are observed in ER+ tumors. Recent studies indicate that the ER status of the primary tumor is a good predictor of the endocrine dependence of(More)
This is an interim report on the lifetime study of chronic mortality and its causes under investigation in 31 control (20 males, 11 females) and 217 survivors (124 males, 93 females) of an acute 90-day experiment in rhesus monkeys. Single acute whole-body exposures were made using 32-, 55-, 138-, 400-, and 2300-MeV protons in 1964-1965. Doses ranged from 25(More)
Effects of a peripherally active carbamate (pyridostigmine bromide) and a centrally active organophosphate (OP) nerve agent (soman) on performance by rhesus monkeys of a compensatory tracking (primate equilibrium platform, or PEP) task were measured using a balanced Latin-square design to determine the ED50 for pyridostigmine (0.66 mg/kg) and the(More)
Five Macaca mulatta were tested for performance changes following exposure to benactyzine HCl (intramuscular) at four doses ranging from 0.054 mg/kg to 1.7 mg/kg. Subjects simultaneously operated a primate equilibrium platform and responded to a multiple alternative reaction task. Performance on both the continuous and discrete tasks were progressively(More)
Twenty-year observation of monkeys exposed to single doses of high energy protons simulating solar particles revealed that the most prevalent fatal cancers were brain tumors in the group of animals exposed to 55-MeV protons. Of 72 animals (50 males and 22 females) receiving 0.25 to 8.0 Gy total body surface dose, nine developed fatal tumors classified as(More)
Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer death in women in this country. Until recently, the traditional treatment has been radical surgery with or without radiation therapy for patients with primary breast cancer, and palliative endocrine therapy followed by chemotherapy for patients with advanced disease. These treatments have met with limited(More)
Recent insight into the mechanism of steroid hormone receptors in human breast cancer has led to new approaches in treatment strategy. Estrogen receptor (ER) has now replaced clinical criteria in the selection of patients for endocrine therapy. Patients whose tumors do not contain ER should not be subjected to hormonal manipulation. In addition, ER measured(More)
Female rhesus monkeys given single total-body exposures of protons of varying energies developed endometriosis at a frequency significantly higher than that of nonirradiated animals of the same age. The minimum latency period was 7 years after exposure. The doses and energies of the radiation received were within the range that could be received by an(More)