Learn More
Glucocorticoids (GCs), the adrenal steroids secreted during stress, endanger the hippocampus, compromising its ability to survive neurological insults. GCs probably do so by disrupting energetics in the hippocampus, thus impairing its ability to contain damaging fluxes of excitatory amino acids and calcium. Superficially, these observations suggest that(More)
Sox6, a member of the Sox family of transcription factors, is highly expressed in skeletal muscle. Despite its abundant expression, the role of Sox6 in muscle development is not well understood. We hypothesize that, in fetal muscle, Sox6 functions as a repressor of slow fiber type-specific genes. In the wild-type mouse, differentiation of fast and slow(More)
We have shown that glucose increases monocyte adhesion to human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) in vitro.1 In the present study, we examined mechanisms by which glucose stimulates monocyte:endothelial interactions. HAECs cultured for 7 days in 25 mmol/L glucose had a 2-fold elevation in interleukin-8 (IL-8) secretion over control cells cultured in 5.5(More)
Oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine (Ox-PAPC) upregulates a spectrum of inflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules different from those induced by classic inflammatory mediators such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) or lipopolysaccharide. Interestingly, Ox-PAPC also induces the expression of a set of proteins(More)
We demonstrated previously that oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine (ox-PAPC) and, specifically, the component lipid 1-palmitoyl-2-(5,6-epoxyisoprostane E2)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine increase interleukin-8 (IL-8) synthesis in aortic endothelial cells. The goal of the current studies was to characterize the receptor(More)
Considerable excitement has been generated as of late over reports that fragments of the amyloid precursor protein can be neurotoxic both in vivo and in vitro. In this brief report we study the neurotoxicity of the fragment corresponding to amino acids 25-35 of the beta-amyloid protein in the hippocampus in vivo. Under the conditions studied, we do not(More)
Oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine (Ox-PAPC) and its component phospholipid, 1-palmitoyl-2-epoxyisoprostane-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine, induce endothelial cells (EC) to synthesize chemotactic factors, such as interleukin 8 (IL-8). Previously, we demonstrated a role for c-Src kinase activation in Ox-PAPC-induced IL-8(More)
We have shown that chronic elevated glucose (25 mm) increases monocyte adhesion to human aortic endothelial cells (EC). This increased adhesion is mediated primarily through induction of interleukin (IL)-8 via activation of the transcription factor AP-1 (Srinivasan, S., Yeh, M., Danziger, E. C., Hatley, M. E., Riggan, A. E., Leitinger, N., Berliner, J. A.,(More)
A repressible alkaline phosphatase has been isolated from the extreme bacterial thermophile, Thermus aquaticus. The enzyme can be derepressed more than 1,000-fold by starving the cells for phosphate. In derepressed cells, nearly 6% of the total protein in a cell-free enzyme preparation is alkaline phosphatase. The enzyme was purified to homogeneity as(More)
Oxidized-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine (Ox-PAPC), found in atherosclerotic lesions and other sites of chronic inflammation, activates endothelial cells (EC) to synthesize chemotactic factors, such as interleukin (IL)-8. Previously, we demonstrated that the sustained induction of IL-8 transcription by Ox-PAPC was mediated through(More)