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Much of a cell's activity is organized as a network of interacting modules: sets of genes coregulated to respond to different conditions. We present a probabilistic method for identifying regulatory modules from gene expression data. Our procedure identifies modules of coregulated genes, their regulators and the conditions under which regulation occurs,(More)
Protozoans of the genus Leishmania are obligate intracellular parasites that cycle between the midgut of sandflies and the phagolysosomes of mammalian macrophages and therefore are exposed to extreme environmental changes. Recent evidence obtained from in vitro experiments indicate that such environmental changes trigger a developmental program in the(More)
Innate immunity is an ancient and conserved defense mechanism. Although host responses toward various pathogens have been delineated, how these responses are orchestrated in a whole animal is less understood. Through an unbiased genome-wide study performed in Caenorhabditis elegans, we identified a conserved function for endodermal GATA transcription(More)
Much of a cell's activity is organized as a network of interacting modules: sets of genes co-regulated to respond to different conditions. We present a probabilistic method for discovering regulatory modules from gene expression data. Our procedure identifies modules of co-regulated genes, their regulators, and the conditions under which regulation occurs,(More)
BACKGROUND Psychological stress induces rapid and long-lasting changes in blood cell composition, implying the existence of stress-induced factors that modulate hematopoiesis. Here we report the involvement of the stress-associated "readthrough" acetylcholinesterase (AChE-R) variant, and its 26 amino acid C-terminal domain (ARP) in hematopoietic stress(More)
The effects of oxidative stress on yeast cell cycle depend on the stress-exerting agent. We studied the effects of two oxidative stress agents, hydrogen peroxide (HP) and the superoxide-generating agent menadione (MD). We found that two small coexpressed groups of genes regulated by the Mcm1-Fkh2-Ndd1 transcription regulatory complex are sufficient to(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Will immunization with an experimental Pre-S1/Pre-S2/S hepatitis B vaccine (Bio-Hep-B) induce faster seroprotection using fewer doses as compared with a yeast derived S vaccine (Engerix B). METHODS Healthy volunteers, n = 36, mean age 23 y, randomized to receive 2 or 3 doses of both vaccines given months 0 and 6, or 0, 1 and 6. RESULTS(More)
Reduced-intensity or nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation (NST) is designed to induce host-versus-graft tolerance by engraftment of donor stem cells. The rationale behind NST is to induce optimal graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effects for elimination of all malignant cells by donor alloreactive immunocompetent cells as an alternative to standard(More)
There is a controversy regarding whether dental treatment before chemotherapy protocols, including hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), is helpful to prevent infections during the consequent immunosuppression. The aim of this study was to develop a decision analysis framework that would test the effect of dental treatment prior to chemotherapy on(More)
Brain injury may result in the development of epilepsy, one of the most common neurological disorders. We previously demonstrated that albumin is critical in the generation of epilepsy after blood-brain barrier (BBB) compromise. Here, we identify TGF-beta pathway activation as the underlying mechanism. We demonstrate that direct activation of the TGF-beta(More)