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Caffeine is a commonly used neurostimulant that also produces cerebral vasoconstriction by antagonizing adenosine receptors. Chronic caffeine use results in an adaptation of the vascular adenosine receptor system presumably to compensate for the vasoconstrictive effects of caffeine. We investigated the effects of caffeine on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in(More)
This study extends our earlier studies in rats by applying our heatstroke model to a new species. Additionally, transgenic mice are used to examine the role of heat shock protein (HSP) 72 in experimental heatstroke. Transgenic mice that were heterozygous for a porcine HSP70i gene ([+]HSP72), transgene-negative littermate controls ([-]HSP72), and normal(More)
OBJECT Achieving distribution of gene-carrying vectors is a major barrier to the clinical application of gene therapy. Because of the blood-brain barrier, the distribution of genetic vectors to the central nervous system (CNS) is even more challenging than delivery to other tissues. Direct intraparenchymal microinfusion, a minimally invasive technique, uses(More)
The Post-PC revolution is bringing information access to a wide-range of devices beyond the desktop, such as public kiosks, and mobile devices like cellular telephones, PDAs, and voice based vehicle telematics. However, existing deployed Internet services are geared toward the secure rich interface of private desktop computers. We propose the use of an(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the effects of sex (male/female) that have been demonstrated in the pathology literature using 0.1 mm histopathologic slices are measurable and statistically significant using high-resolution (0.625 mm slice) computed tomography (CT). METHODS IRB-approved retrospective analysis of high-resolution "normal" CT temporal bone(More)
PURPOSE Prior studies have associated gross inner ear abnormalities with pediatric sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) using computed tomography (CT). No studies to date have specifically investigated morphologic inner ear abnormalities involving the contralateral unaffected ear in patients with unilateral SNHL. The purpose of this study is to evaluate(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared the adequacy of dental cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and micro computed tomography (micro-CT) in evaluating the structural parameters of trabecular bones. METHODS The cellular synthetic bones in 4 density groups (Groups 1-4: 0.12, 0.16, 0.20, and 0.32 g/cm3) were used in this study. Each group comprised 8 experimental(More)
Increased volume and density of the skull makes computed tomography differentiation of gray and white matter (GM and WM, respectively) more difficult. The purpose of this investigation was to study the effects of skull volume and bone density on GM and WM differentiation. A total of 21 patients with thick skulls and 22 controls were included in this study.(More)
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) frequently cause progressive myelopathy. When they are localized by imaging studies, surgery can be safely performed by simply interrupting the vein draining the fistula intradurally, and the results will be excellent and lasting. In some patients with clinical features of a spinal dural AVF and in whom magnetic(More)
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