Michael Xiang

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Interleukin-6 (IL-6)-mediated activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a mechanism by which chronic inflammation can contribute to cancer and is a common oncogenic event. We discovered a pathway, the loss of which is associated with persistent STAT3 activation in human cancer. We found that the gene encoding the tumor(More)
Gene Ontology (GO) has been widely used to infer functional significance associated with sets of genes in order to automate discoveries within large-scale genetic studies. A level in GO's direct acyclic graph structure is often assumed to be indicative of its terms' specificities, although other work has suggested this assumption does not hold.(More)
The transcription factors STAT3 and STAT5 play important roles in the regulation of mammary gland function during pregnancy, lactation, and involution. Given that STAT3 and STAT5 regulate genes involved in proliferation and survival, it is not surprising that inappropriate activation of STAT3 and STAT5 occurs commonly in breast cancer. Although these(More)
The transcription factor signal STAT5 is constitutively activated in a wide range of leukemias and lymphomas, and drives the expression of genes necessary for proliferation, survival, and self-renewal. Thus, targeting STAT5 is an appealing therapeutic strategy for hematologic malignancies. Given the importance of bromodomain-containing proteins in(More)
STAT transcription factors play a critical role in mediating the effects of cytokines on myeloid cells. As STAT target genes control key processes such as survival, proliferation and self-renewal, it is not surprising that constitutive activation of STATs, particularly STAT3 and STAT5, are common events in many myeloid tumors. STATs are activated both by(More)
The Wilms' tumor suppressor 1 (WT1) gene encodes a DNA- and RNA-binding protein that plays an essential role in nephron progenitor differentiation during renal development. To identify WT1 target genes that might regulate nephron progenitor differentiation in vivo, we performed chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) coupled to mouse promoter microarray(More)
Activation of the transcription factor STAT5 is essential for the pathogenesis of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) containing the FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutation. FLT3 ITD is a constitutively active tyrosine kinase that drives the activation of STAT5, leading to the growth and survival of AML cells. Although there has been some success in(More)
1. Waltz, E. Nat. Biotechnol. 27, 15–18 (2009). 2. Mascarelli, A. Nature 461, 460–461 (2009). 3. Melis, A. Plant Sci. 177, 272–280 (2009). 4. Weissman, J.C. & Goebel, R.P. Design and Analysis of Pond Systems for the Purpose of Producing Fuels (Solar Energy Research Institute, Golden, Colorado, SERI/STR231–2840, 1987). 5. Benemann, J.R. & Oswald, W.J.(More)
PURPOSE Recent retrospective data suggest that brachytherapy (BT) boost may confer a cancer-specific survival benefit in radiation-managed high-risk prostate cancer. We sought to determine whether this survival benefit would extend to the recently defined favorable high-risk subgroup of prostate cancer patients (T1c, Gleason 4 + 4 = 8, PSA < 10 ng/ml or(More)
PURPOSE A randomized trial recently found that adding brachytherapy (BT) boost to external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) improves biochemical recurrence-free survival but not prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM). We investigated the relationship between BT boost and PCSM in a modern cohort from a large population-based database. METHODS AND MATERIALS(More)