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A monomeric variant of the red fluorescent protein eqFP611, mRuby, is described. With excitation and emission maxima at 558 nm and 605 nm, respectively, and a large Stokes shift of 47 nm, mRuby appears particularly useful for imaging applications. The protein shows an exceptional resistance to denaturation at pH extremes. Moreover, mRuby is about ten-fold(More)
In the liver, glucokinase (GK) regulatory protein (GKRP) negatively modulates the metabolic enzyme GK by locking it in an inactive state in the nucleus. Here, the authors established a high content screening assay in the 384-well microplate format to measure the nucleus-to-cytoplasm translocation of GK by reagents that destabilize the interaction between GK(More)
Fluorescent proteins (FPs) emitting in the far-red region of the spectrum are highly advantageous for whole-body imaging applications because scattering and absorption of long-wavelength light is markedly reduced in tissue. We characterized variants of the red fluorescent protein eqFP611 with bright fluorescence emission shifted up to 639 nm. The additional(More)
Lewy bodies, alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) immunopositive intracellular deposits, are the pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD). Interestingly, Lewybody-like structures have been identified in fetal tissue grafts about one decade after transplantation into the striatum of PD patients. One possible explanation for the accelerated deposition of(More)
In recent years, several large pharmaceutical companies have taken a novel approach to drug discovery biology and chemistry in that they channel their efforts with respect to particular target classes, such as G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), toward dedicated, specialized teams. Benefits of such an organizational structure are the prospects of(More)
EosFP is a fluorescent protein from the coral Lobophyllia hemprichii that changes its fluorescence emission from green to red upon irradiation with near-UV light. Here we present the spectroscopic properties of wild-type EosFP and a variety of monomeric and dimeric mutants and provide a structural interpretation of its oligomerization and photoconversion,(More)
The development of fast microscopic imaging devices has enabled the application of automated fluorescence microscopy to pharmaceutical high-throughput drug-discovery assays, referred to as high-content screening (HCS). Initially, green fluorescent protein and its derivatives from Aequorea Victoria, and later anthozoan fluorescent proteins (FPs) have become(More)
RATIONALE Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation is implicated in mucin hypersecretion in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES To investigate the safety and efficacy of an inhaled EGFR antagonist (BIBW 2948) in COPD. METHODS Multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 4 weeks of treatment with two doses of BIBW(More)
High Content Screening (HCS), a combination of fluorescence microscopic imaging and automated image analysis, has become a frequently applied tool to study test compound effects in cellular disease-modelling systems. In this work, we established a medium to high throughput HCS assay in the 384-well format to measure cellular type I phosphoinositide 3 kinase(More)