Michael Wiese

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BACKGROUND Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) prolong survival in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene (KRAS) exon 2 wild-type tumors. Recent evidence has suggested that other RAS mutations (in exons 3 and 4 of KRAS and exons 2, 3 and 4 of a related gene, NRAS) may also be(More)
Background:Metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) that harbours a BRAF V600E mutation (BRAF MT) is associated with poorer outcomes. However, whether this mutation is predictive of treatment benefit from anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is uncertain.Methods:We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised(More)
In this study we describe a simplified, HTS-capable functional assay for the multidrug resistance (MDR) transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) based on its substrate Hoechst 33342. The physicochemical properties of Hoechst 33342 and the enormous milieu dependency of its fluorescence intensity allowed performing the assay in a homogeneous manner. This new assay(More)
The G protein-coupled P2Y(11) receptor is involved in immune system modulation. In-depth physiological evaluation is hampered, however, by a lack of selective and potent ligands. By screening a library of sulfonic and phosphonic acid derivatives at P2Y(11) receptors recombinantly expressed in human 1321N1 astrocytoma cells (calcium and cAMP assays), the(More)
A general pharmacophore model of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) drugs is proposed that is based on a highly diverse data set and relates to the verapamil binding site of the protein. It is derived from structurally different drugs using the program GASP. The pharmacophore model consists of two hydrophobic points, three hydrogen bond (HB) acceptor points, and one HB(More)
Quinazolinones, indolo- and pyrrolopyrimidines with inhibitory effects toward ABCB1 (P-gp) and ABCC1 (MRP1) transporters were studied by pharmacophore modeling, docking, and 3D QSAR to describe the binding preferences of the proteins. The pharmacophore overlays between dual and/or highly selective inhibitors point to binding sites of different topology and(More)
Ginkgotoxin (4'-O-methylpyridoxine) occurring in the seeds and leaves of Ginkgo biloba, is an antivitamin structurally related to vitamin B(6). Ingestion of ginkgotoxin triggers epileptic convulsions and other neuronal symptoms. Here we report on studies on the impact of B(6) antivitamins including ginkgotoxin on recombinant homogeneous human pyridoxal(More)
At the end of the last century tariquidar (XR9576) was synthesized, pharmacologically investigated, and classified as a promising 3rd generation P-glycoprotein (P-gp) modulator. Following the discovery of BCRP in 1998 an increasing number of substances were studied in relation to their potency to interact with this transporter. Recently it has been shown(More)
A new class of specific breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) inhibitors was identified, showing no inhibition of the ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters P-gp and MRP1. Some of these modulators inhibit BCRP with high potency; they are only slightly less potent than Ko143 and could serve as promising lead structures for the design of novel effective(More)
Multidrug resistance, MDR, is a major obstacle in the chemotherapeutic treatment of cancer. MDR can be reversed by drugs that vary widely in their chemical structure and main biological action. Many efforts are directed to find out the relationships between the structure and MDR reversal effect of these drugs. In this review we try to summarize the results(More)