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Spoken Language Systems at Saarland University (LSV) participated this year with 5 runs at the TAC KBP English slot filling track. Effective algorithms for all parts of the pipeline, from document retrieval to relation prediction and response post-processing, are bundled in a modular end-to-end relation extraction system called RelationFactory. The main run(More)
We survey recent approaches to noise reduction in distant supervision learning for relation extraction. We group them according to the principles they are based on: at-least-one constraints, topic-based models, or pattern correlations. Besides describing them, we illustrate the fundamental differences and attempt to give an outlook to potentially fruitful(More)
We compare several different corpus-based and lexicon-based methods for the scalar ordering of adjectives. Among them, we examine for the first time a low-resource approach based on distinctive-collexeme analysis that just requires a small predefined set of adverbial modi-fiers. While previous work on adjective intensity mostly assumes one single scale for(More)
In order to evaluate the impact of aging on EEG sleep patterns we investigated the polysomnograms of 74 patients with major depression and 51 healthy volunteers aged 18-65 years. In most of the EEG sleep parameters, age-related changes were obvious in both the depressives and the normals. In the patients, some of these alterations occurred earlier and were(More)
All-night electroencephalographic (EEG) sleep recording and cranial computed tomography were performed in 24 inpatients with major depression (14 unipolar, 10 bipolar). The patients showed the characteristic "depression-like" EEG sleep alterations and their ventricular brain ratio (VBR) was increased compared with the control subjects. No major differences(More)
Nocturnal sleep was studied in 16 inpatients with Huntington's disease. In comparison with healthy controls, patients exhibited a disturbed sleep pattern with increased sleep onset latency, reduced sleep efficiency, frequent nocturnal awakenings, more time spent awake and less slow wave sleep. These abnormalities correlated in part with duration of illness,(More)
This paper presents a survey on the role of negation in sentiment analysis. Negation is a very common linguistic construction that affects polarity and, therefore, needs to be taken into consideration in sentiment analysis. We will present various computational approaches modeling negation in sentiment analysis. We will, in particular, focus on aspects,(More)
REM sleep abnormalities like shortened REM (rapid eye movement) latency, prolongation of the first REM period and heightening of REM density often found in patients with a major depression have prompted an increasing number of studies investigating the neurobiology and neurophysiology of REM sleep in depressive patients, as well as in healthy humans and(More)
Total sleep deprivation (TSD) exerts beneficial but transient effects on mood in approximately 60% of patients with a major depressive disorder. The positive effects of a night of total sleep deprivation are generally reversed after the next night of sleep. Several anecdotal reports and a pilot study by our group indicated that even short naps during the(More)