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Current models of aqueous humor outflow no longer treat trabecular meshwork (TM) as an inert tissue passively distended by the ciliary muscle (CM). Instead, ample evidence supports the theory that trabecular meshwork possess smooth muscle-like properties and is actively involved in the regulation of aqueous humor outflow and intraocular pressure. In this(More)
This combined study of patch-clamp and intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) measurement was undertaken in order to identify signaling pathways that lead to activation of Ca2+-dependent Cl- channels in cultured rat retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. Intracellular application of InsP3 (10 microM) led to an increase in [Ca2+]i and activation of Cl- currents. In(More)
PURPOSE Recent evidence suggests that nitric oxide (NO) is a major messenger molecule regulating smooth muscle contractility. A role for NO in aqueous humor dynamics, and thus regulation of intraocular pressure, has been postulated. Recently, we described contractile properties of isolated bovine trabecular meshwork and ciliary muscle strips. To assess(More)
Prostanoids and cannabinoids have ocular hypotensive and neuroprotective properties. The effect of the prostanoid AH13205 (EP2), the thromboxane-mimetic U46619, the cannabinoid (CB) agonists WIN55212-2 and CP 55,940, endothelin-1 (ET-1) and 8-bromo-cAMP on the membrane currents of trabecular meshwork (TM) cells were measured using the patch-clamp technique(More)
K+ channels, membrane voltage, and intracellular free Ca2+ are involved in regulating proliferation in a human melanoma cell line (SK MEL 28). Using patch-clamp techniques, we found an inwardly rectifying K+ channel and a calcium-activated K+ channel. The inwardly rectifying K+ channel was calcium independent, insensitive to charybdotoxin, and carried the(More)
PURPOSE Inhibition of protein kinase C (PKC) and rho-kinase (ROCK) may represent a new way of influencing outflow facility through isolated relaxation of the trabecular meshwork (TM). This work was performed to investigate the existence of calcium-independent contraction in this smooth-muscle-like tissue and its modulation by targeting the rho-guanosine(More)
Using the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique, we studied the conditions necessary for the activation of Cl--currents in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells from rats with retinal dystrophy (RCS) and nondystrophic control rats. In RPE cells from both rat strains, intracellular application of 10 microM inositol-1, 4,5-triphosphate (IP3)(More)
The effect of protein tyrosine kinases (PTK) on L-type calcium channels in cultured retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) from rats with retinal dystrophy was investigated. Barium currents through Bay K 8644 (10(-6) M) sensitive L-type channels were measured using the patch-clamp technique. The current density of L-type currents is twice as high and the(More)
Intracellular potentials were measured in a SV-40 virus-transformed cell clone derived from human nonpigmented ciliary epithelium using the microelectrode technique. (1) Membrane potential averaged -50.2 mV (+/- 0.6, n = 207). (2) Increasing the extracellular K+ concentration depolarized the membrane voltage. The amplitude of this potential response was(More)
PURPOSE Electrophysiological characterization of trabecular meshwork cells and investigation of their response to elevation of cytosolic cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). METHODS Bovine trabecular meshwork cells were cultured according to established methods and were studied, using the whole-cell and single-channel configurations of the patch-clamp(More)