Michael Wiederholt

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Current models of aqueous humor outflow no longer treat trabecular meshwork (TM) as an inert tissue passively distended by the ciliary muscle (CM). Instead, ample evidence supports the theory that trabecular meshwork possess smooth muscle-like properties and is actively involved in the regulation of aqueous humor outflow and intraocular pressure. In this(More)
K+ channels, membrane voltage, and intracellular free Ca2+ are involved in regulating proliferation in a human melanoma cell line (SK MEL 28). Using patch-clamp techniques, we found an inwardly rectifying K+ channel and a calcium-activated K+ channel. The inwardly rectifying K+ channel was calcium independent, insensitive to charybdotoxin, and carried the(More)
In a randomised study 25 patients over 50 years of age with non-ischaemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) were assigned to either a treatment (14 patients, isovolaemic haemodilution) or a control group (11 patients, no treatment). After three months eight eyes in patients with haemodilution improved, whereas none of the untreated eyes had better(More)
Micropuncture of cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells led to registrations stable for hours. Intracellular potentials were mainly in the range of −40 to −55 mV, average 46.3±0.6 mV (sem). Changes of extracellular [HCO 3 − ] led to voltage transients, their amplitude depending logarithmically on [HCO 3 − ] with a mean slope of 37.3±8.8 (sd) mV. After(More)
Passive ion transport properties were studied in confluent monolayers of cultured bovine retinal pigment epithelial cells using intracellular microelectrode technique. The mean stable intracellular (designated by subscript i) potential was -59.1 +/- 0.8 (SE) mV. Extracellular (designated by subscript o) acidification induced a depolarization, whereas(More)
PURPOSE Inhibition of protein kinase C (PKC) and rho-kinase (ROCK) may represent a new way of influencing outflow facility through isolated relaxation of the trabecular meshwork (TM). This work was performed to investigate the existence of calcium-independent contraction in this smooth-muscle-like tissue and its modulation by targeting the rho-guanosine(More)
Thirty eight patients with ischaemic and non-ischaemic central retinal vein occlusion were evaluated for the effect of isovolaemic haemodilution. They were allocated at random to a haemodilution group (19 patients, panretinal photocoagulation and isovolaemic haemodilution) and a control group (19 patients, panretinal photocoagulation). Haematocrit was(More)
PURPOSE Recent evidence suggests that nitric oxide (NO) is a major messenger molecule regulating smooth muscle contractility. A role for NO in aqueous humor dynamics, and thus regulation of intraocular pressure, has been postulated. Recently, we described contractile properties of isolated bovine trabecular meshwork and ciliary muscle strips. To assess(More)
22Na+ uptake into confluent monolayers of cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells was studied in the presence of ouabain (10(-4)M) to inhibit active sodium extrusion. In bicarbonate saline, uptake was reduced to a similar degree either by amiloride (10(-3)M) or by 4-acetamido-4'-isothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (SITS) (10(-3)M). A further(More)
In the present study we used the pH sensitive absorbance of 5(and6)-carboxy-4′,5′-dimethylfluorescein to investigate intracellular pH (pHi) regulation in A10 vascular smooth muscle cells: (1) The steady state pHi in A10 cells averaged 7.01±0.1 (mean±SEM,n=26) at an extracellular pH of 7.4 (28 mM HCO3/5% CO2). (2) Removal of extracellular sodium led to an(More)